Molecular Docking Analysis of Flavonoid Compounds with Matrix Metalloproteinase- 8 for the Identification of Potential Effective Inhibitors

Author(s): Amir Taherkhani, Athena Orangi, Shirin Moradkhani, Zahra Khamverdi*

Journal Name: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

Volume 18 , Issue 1 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) participates in the degradation of different types of collagens in the extracellular matrix and basement membrane. Up-regulation of the MMP-8 has been demonstrated in many disorders including cancer development, tooth caries, periodontal/ peri-implant soft and hard tissue degeneration, and acute/chronic inflammation. Therefore, MMP-8 has become an encouraging target for therapeutic procedures for scientists. We carried out a molecular docking approach to study the binding affinity of 29 flavonoids, as drug candidates, with the MMP-8. Pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties of the compounds were also studied. Moreover, it was attempted to identify the most important amino acids participating in ligand binding based on the degree of each of the amino acids in the ligand-amino acid interaction network for MMP-8.

Methods: Three-dimensional structure of the protein was gained from the RCSB database (PDB ID: 4QKZ). AutoDock version 4.0 and Cytoscape 3.7.2 were used for molecular docking and network analysis, respectively. Notably, the inhibitor of the protein in the crystalline structure of the 4QKZ was considered as a control test. Pharmacokinetic and toxicological features of compounds were predicted using bioinformatics web tools. Post-docking analyses were performed using BIOVIA Discovery Studio Visualizer version 19.1.0.18287.

Results and Discussion: According to results, 24 of the studied compounds were considered to be top potential inhibitors for MMP-8 based on their salient estimated free energy of binding and inhibition constant as compared with the control test: Apigenin-7-glucoside, nicotiflorin, luteolin, glabridin, taxifolin, apigenin, licochalcone A, quercetin, isorhamnetin, myricetin, herbacetin, kaemferol, epicatechin, chrysin, amentoflavone, rutin, orientin, epiafzelechin, quercetin-3- rhamnoside, formononetin, isoliquiritigenin, vitexin, catechine, and isoquercitrin. Moreover, His- 197 was found to be the most important amino acid involved in the ligand binding for the enzyme.

Conclusion: The results of the current study could be used in the prevention and therapeutic procedures of a number of disorders such as cancer progression and invasion, oral diseases, and acute/chronic inflammation. Although, in vitro and in vivo tests are inevitable in the future.

Keywords: Cancer, drug, inflammation, medication, periodontal, tooth caries.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2021
Published on: 26 February, 2021
Page: [16 - 45]
Pages: 30
DOI: 10.2174/1570180817999200831094703
Price: $65

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