Cashew Nut Shell Liquid-Based Coordination Polymers: An Overview of Analytical Techniques
Pp. 146-186 (41)
Shabnam Khan, Fahmina Zafar, Laxmi and Nahid Nishat
The last decades have seen an upsurge in the synthesis of coordination
polymers (CPs), which became a notable topic of interest in the field of science due to
their inherent features, such as porosity, larger inner surface area, tunable pore size, and
diverse topologies and many more. The synthesis of CPs involves the use of
petroleum-derived ligands, multi-step processes, use of volatile organic solvents and
limited solubility. In addition, due to a continual rise in the cost and impending
exhaustion of petroleum resources, the production of these CPs from renewable
resources have been an area of keen interest among the researchers of both the
industrial and academic world. Among all the renewable resources, cashew nut shell
liquid (CNSL) and its constituents possessing inherent functional sites proved to be a
valuable precursor for polymer as well as CPs synthesis. The CNSL/or its constituents
(cardanol/Col) derived CPs with applications in wastewater treatment or as
antibacterial agents are a great topic of interest.
In the present chapter, a brief description of petro-based as well as renewable resource
(CNSL) based CP has been included and the analytical techniques that are used for the
characterization of these CNSL based CPs in order to understand their composition,
behavior and their potential applications in different fields have been discussed.
Analytical techniques, Cashew nut shell liquid, Coordination
polymer, Morphology, Renewable resource, Spectral analysis, Thermal analysis.
Inorganic Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India.