Research Progress of Herbal Medicines on Drug Metabolizing Enzymes: Consideration Based on Toxicology

Author(s): Shuting Wang, Wanfang Li, Jianbo Yang, Zengyan Yang, Cuiping Yang*, Hongtao Jin*

Journal Name: Current Drug Metabolism

Volume 21 , Issue 12 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


The clinical application of herbal medicines is increasing, but there is still a lack of comprehensive safety data and in-depth research into mechanisms of action. The composition of herbal medicines is complex, with each herb containing a variety of chemical components. Each of these components may affect the activity of metabolizing enzymes, which may lead to herb-drug interactions. It has been reported that the combined use of herbs and drugs can produce some unexpected interactions. Therefore, this study reviews the progress of research on safety issues caused by the effects of herbs on metabolizing enzymes with reference to six categories of drugs, including antithrombotic drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-diabetic drugs, statins lipid-lowering drugs, immunosuppressants, and antineoplastic drugs. Understanding the effects of herbs on the activity of metabolizing enzymes could help avoid the toxicity and adverse drug reactions resulting from the co-administration of herbs and drugs, and help doctors to reduce the risk of prescription incompatibility.

Keywords: Herbal medicines, herbs, metabolizing enzymes, herb-drug interactions, cytochrome P450, toxicity.

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Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 30 December, 2020
Page: [913 - 927]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1389200221999200819144204
Price: $65

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