Background: The deterioration of cognitive and motor functions and activities of daily living
is common in Alzheimer's dementia.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation and the strength of the relationship
between cognitive function and motor function and activities of daily living after a diagnosis of Alzheimer's
Methods: Sixty-three patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease dementia in a community setting
of South Korea were examined for cognitive and motor functions, and functional levels. The test or measures
used for cognitive function were the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Global Deterioration
Scale (GDS), and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). The 10-meter walking test (10MWT), Berg Balance
Scale (BBS), and Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) were used to examine motor function, while the Modified
Barthel Index (MBI) and Katz Index (KI) were used to examining activities of daily living.
Results: The MMSE had a positive correlation with that from the BBS (r=.338, p<.05), MBI (r=.363,
p<.05), and KI (r=.276, p<.05). The GDS was negatively correlated with BBS (r=.319, p<.05). Multivariate
regression analysis showed that MMSE was a major explanatory variable for BBS (R2
p<.05) MBI (R2
=.131, β=.363, p<.05), and KI (R2
=.076, β=.276, p<.05).
Conclusion: The results of the present study show that cognitive function by MMSE is correlated with
balance by BBS and activities of daily living by MBI and KI, and MMSE, which are tests or measures for
cognitive function, can be explanatory variable to explain variations in the BBS, MBI, and KI in the persons
with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s dementia. It may mean that a decrease in cognitive function was
found to affect motor function and activities of daily living. Based on this study, appropriate intervention
approaches including physical exercise, should be considered for caring for persons with mild to moderate
Alzheimer’s dementia in a community setting.