Frontiers in Enzyme Inhibition

Frontiers in Enzyme Inhibition

Enzyme Inhibition - Environmental and Biomedical Applications

Enzyme inhibitors play a pivotal role in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries. The primary understanding of the action of inhibitors helps pharmacologists during the design process for ...
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Fermentation Strategies to Minimize Product Inhibition in Bioethanol Production

Pp. 148-173 (26)

Luciana Porto de Souza Vandenberghe, Nelson Libardi Junior, Cristine Rodrigues, Joyce Gueiros Wanderley Siqueira and Carlos Ricardo Soccol

Abstract

Bioethanol is the most used biofuel worldwide. Its use contributes to the reduction of fossil fuel consumption and environmental pollution. It is mainly produced from sucrose, which is available in alternative media. Yeast, mainly Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are the most employed microorganisms for ethanol production. These strains usually present high productivity, high ethanol tolerance, and the ability to ferment different sugars that are included in the composition of the highly utilized feedstock. Nevertheless, there are some barriers to yeast fermentation to overcome. They are linked to inhibitors of ethanol production, including high temperature, high ethanol concentration, and the ability to ferment pentose sugars. The efficiency and productivity of ethanol can be enhanced by the use of genetically modified yeast strains, including hybrid and recombinant. Other possibilities of limiting bioethanol processing inhibition are metabolic engineering of the medium and yeast cell immobilization. This chapter highlights some aspects that involve fermentation strategies to minimize bioethanol inhibition during its production.

Keywords:

Biofuel, Bioethanol, Ethanol, Fermentation, Genetic modified, Hybrid, Inhibition, Metabolic engineering, Pentoses, Recombinant strains, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Sucrose, Yeast.

Affiliation:

Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering Department, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba- PR, Brazil