Facile Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB)-assisted Synthesis of Calcium Bismuthate Nanoflakes with Solar Light Photocatalytic Performance

Author(s): Zi Wang, Hongjun Chen, Fanglv Qiu, Zeyang Xue, Chunhu Yu, Pengxiang Wang, Qianmin Cong, Lizhai Pei*, Chuangang Fan*, Yong Zhang

Journal Name: Current Nanoscience

Volume 17 , Issue 2 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Wastewater with dyes pollutes the environment and causes serious risk to human health and aquatic biota. Gentian violet (GV) belongs to typical triphenylmethane dyes and is difficult to be degraded. Calcium bismuthate nanoflakes possess good photocatalytic activity toward GV under solar light irradiation.

Objective: The aim of the study was to prepare calcium bismuthate nanoflakes by the hydrothermal method and research on the solar light photocatalytic performance of the calcium bismuthate nanoflakes for GV degradation.

Methods: Calcium bismuthate nanoflakes were synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route assisted by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) based on the reaction of sodium bismuthate and calcium chloride. The calcium bismuthate products were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy and solid UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectrum.

Results: The calcium bismuthate nanoflakes possess single crystalline monoclinic CaBi2O4 phase. The size of the whole nanoflakes is about 10 μm and the thickness of the nanoflakes is about 40 nm. The morphology, size and phase of the products are closely relative to CTAB concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time. The bandgap of the calcium bismuthate nanoflakes is 2.21 eV. The photocatalytic activity of the calcium bismuthate nanoflakes is high enough to completely degrade GV under solar light irradiation for 6 h.

Conclusion: The photocatalytic performance for the removal of GV is dependent on the irradiation time, dosage of the calcium bismuthate nanoflakes and initial GV concentration. The calcium bismuthate nanoflakes exhibit great promising activity for the removal of organic pollutants.

Keywords: Calcium bismuthate nanoflakes, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, electron microscopy, gentian violet, solar light, photocatalysis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2021
Published on: 18 May, 2021
Page: [315 - 326]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1573413716999200817120339

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