Chronic Coronary Syndrome: Overcoming Clinical Practice Guidelines. The role of the COMPASS Strategy

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Author(s): Fernando Arribas Ynsaurriaga*, Vivencio Barrios, Marisol Bravo Amaro, Julio Martí-Almor, Juan Gabriel Martínez, José Antonio Alarcón Duque, Martín Ruiz-Ortiz, Rafael Vázquez-García, Alfonso Valle Muñoz

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

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Abstract:

Current European guidelines on chronic coronary syndromes recommend the use of low-dose aspirin (or clopidogrel if intolerance or contraindication) throughout life. However, as the risk of recurrent vascular events is high, particularly in some patients (i.e. diffuse multivessel coronary artery disease, diabetes, recurrent myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease, or chronic kidney disease,...), these guidelines also consider that in those patients at moderate or high risk of ischemic events, but without a high bleeding risk, dual antithrombotic therapy should be considered. According to these guidelines, treatment options for dual antithrombotic therapy in combination with aspirin may include clopidogrel 75mg/daily, prasugrel 10 mg/daily, ticagrelor 60 mg bid or rivaroxaban 2.5 mg bid. Remarkably, despite the results of the clinical trials that sustain these recommendations clearly diverge, guidelines do not differentiate between them. However, although all these drugs have demonstrated a significant reduction of major cardiovascular events in patients with stable atherosclerotic disease, only the addition of rivaroxaban has been associated with a reduction of cardiovascular and overall mortality in a secondary analysis. This may be related with the fact that the activation of platelets and factor X plays a key role in the development of atherothrombosis, and, consequently, both targets should be considered for the appropriate management of these patients.

Keywords: Atherosclerosis; COMPASS; chronic coronary syndrome; ischemic heart disease; MACE; rivaroxaban

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573403X16999200817111150
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