Larvicidal Activity of Essential Oils Against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)

Author(s): Mikael A. de Souza, Larissa da Silva, Maria A. C. dos Santos, Márcia J. F. Macêdo, Luiz J. Lacerda-Neto, Henrique D. M. Coutinho*, Lígia C. C. de Oliveira, Francisco A. B. Cunha

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 26 , Issue 33 , 2020

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The Aedes aegypti is responsible for the transmission of arboviruses, which compromise public health. In the search for synthetic product alternatives, essential oils (OEs) have been highlighted by many researchers as natural insecticides. This systematic review (SR) was performed according to PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) and its objective was to evaluate studies addressing OEs with larvicidal properties against Ae. aegypti, through electronic database searches (Pubmed, Science Direct and Scielo), covering an overview of the plant sources OEs, which plant parts were used, the extraction methods, analytical techniques, major and/or secondary constituents with greater percentages, as well as the LC50s responsible for larval mortality. Following study analysis, plants distributed across 32 families, 90 genera and 175 species were identified. The Lamiaceae, Myrtaceae, Piperaceae, Asteraceae, Rutaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Lauraceae families obtained the highest number of species with toxic properties against larvae from this vector. Practically all plant parts were found to be used for OE extraction. Hydrodistillation and steam distillation were the main extraction methods identified, with GC-MS/GC-FID representing the main analytical techniques used to reveal their chemical composition, especially of terpene compounds. In this context, OEs are promising alternatives for the investigation of natural, ecologically correct and biodegradable insecticides with the potential to be used in Ae. aegypti control programs.

Keywords: Aedes aegypti, essential oils, bioinsecticides, larvicidal activity, hydrodistillation, steam distillation.

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Year: 2020
Published on: 23 September, 2020
Page: [4092 - 4111]
Pages: 20
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200806100500
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