Background: In the 1960s, the human coronavirus was designated, which is responsible
for the upper respiratory tract disease in children. Back in 2003, mainly 5 new coronaviruses were
recognized. This study directly pursues to govern knowledge, attitude and practice of viral and droplet
infection isolation safeguard among the researchers during the outbreak of the COVID-19.
Introduction: Coronavirus is a proteinaceous and infectious pathogen. It is an etiological agent of
severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
Coronavirus, appeared in China from the seafood and poultry market last year, which has spread in
various countries, and has caused several deaths.
Methods: The literature data has been taken from different search platforms like PubMed, Science
Direct, Embase, Web of Science, who.int portal and complied.
Results: Corona virology study will be more advanced and outstanding in recent years. COVID-19
epidemic is a threatening reminder not solely for one country but all over the universe.
Conclusion: In this review article, we encapsulated the pathogenesis, geographical spread of coronavirus
worldwide, also discussed the perspective of diagnosis, effective treatment, and primary
recommendations by the World Health Organization, and guidelines of the government to slow
down the impact of the virus are also optimistic, efficacious and obliging for the public health.
However, it will take a prolonged time in the future to overcome this epidemic.