Epigenetic Evaluation of N-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-Propylpentanamide, a Valproic Acid Aryl Derivative with Activity Against HeLa Cells

Author(s): Luna-Palencia Gabriela Rebeca, Correa-Basurto José, Trujillo-Ferrara José, Meraz-Ríos Marco Antonio, Vásquez-Moctezuma Ismael*

Journal Name: Current Molecular Pharmacology

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Valproic acid (VPA) is an HDAC inhibitor (HDACI) with an anticancer activity, but is hepatotoxic. N-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propylpentanamide (o-OH-VPA) is a VPA aryl derivative designed in silico as a selective inhibitor of HDAC8 with biological properties against HeLa, rhabdomyosarcoma and breast cancer cell cultures.

Objective: We studied the epigenetic mechanism of o-OH-VPA as an HDACI and evaluated whether it was toxic to normal cells.

Methods: HeLa cells and primary human fibroblasts were used for this study as carcinogenic and normal cells, respectively. Cell survival was evaluated by MTT assay, whereas viability and doubling time were determined by the Trypan-blue method. HDAC activity was tested using the colorimetric HDAC activity assay. The expression of p21 was analyzed by PCR and HDAC8 expression was also evaluated by real-time PCR. Cell cycle and caspase-3 activity were analyzed by flow cytometry and caspase-3 colorimetric assay, respectively.

Results: o-OH-VPA (IC50 = 0.1 mM) was fifty-eight times more effective than VPA (IC50 = 5.8 mM) to reduce HeLa cell survival. Furthermore, o-OH-VPA increased the doubling time of HeLa cells by 33% with respect to the control. o-OH-VPA acted as HDACI in HeLa cells without affecting the HDAC8 expression, arresting the cell cycle of HeLa cells in the G0/G1 phase due to the increase in p21 expression with the inhibition of caspase-3 activity without exhibiting toxicity toward normal cells.

Conclusion: Our results revealed that o-OH-VPA is an HDACI with a selective effect against HeLa cells but without the known toxicity exerted by most pan-HDACIs on normal cells.

Keywords: Anticancer agents, histone deacetylase 8 inhibitor, valproic acid, aryl valproic acid derivative, HeLa cells, epigenetic drugs.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2021
Page: [570 - 578]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1874467213666200730113828
Price: $95

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