Estimated Arterial Stiffness and Prediction of Vascular Aging: The Rising of a New Era

Author(s): Christina Antza, Ioannis Doundoulakis, Evangelos Akrivos, Stella Stabouli, Katerina Chrysaidou, Dimos Gidaris, Vasilios Kotsis*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 27 , Issue 16 , 2021


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Abstract:

Arterial stiffness has been associated with cardiovascular events and correlated with cardiovascular risk factors. In the new guidelines of the European Society of Hypertension, the evaluation of arterial stiffness, and specifically carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (c-f PWV), was taken into account for the detailed screening of the hypertensive population. Despite the importance of arterial stiffness as a target organ damage, the measurement is time-consuming, not practical, needs expensive equipment and experienced staff. For all these reasons, c-f PWV is not recommended for the everyday clinical practice and its current use is restricted for research purposes. The importance of arterial properties in clinical practice and cardiovascular prevention is well known. Hence, the estimation of arterial stiffness and vascular health based on parameters that affect arterial stiffness, but without the use of a machine, is a new promising field. Furthermore, the relationship between age-related MRI abnormalities as well as ultrafast ultrasound with vascular effect gives a new promise for future vascular aging assessment.

Keywords: Arterial stiffness, early vascular aging, hypertension, EVAAs, MRI, cardiovascular risk.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 16
Year: 2021
Published on: 28 July, 2020
Page: [1871 - 1877]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200728150637
Price: $65

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