lncRNAs as Potential Targets in Small Cell Lung Cancer: MYC -dependent Regulation

Author(s): Onur Tokgun*, Pervin E. Tokgun, Kubilay Inci, Hakan Akca

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 20 , Issue 17 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive malignancy. MYC family oncogenes are amplified and overexpressed in 20% of SCLCs, showing that MYC oncogenes and MYC regulated genes are strong candidates as therapeutic targets for SCLC. c-MYC plays a fundamental role in cancer stem cell properties and malignant transformation. Several targets have been identified by the activation/repression of MYC. Deregulated expression levels of lncRNAs have also been observed in many cancers.

Objective: The aim of the present study is to investigate the lncRNA profiles which depend on MYC expression levels in SCLC.

Methods: Firstly, we constructed lentiviral vectors for MYC overexpression/inhibition. MYC expression is suppressed by lentiviral shRNA vector in MYC amplified H82 and N417 cells, and overexpressed by lentiviral inducible overexpression vector in MYC non-amplified H345 cells. LncRNA cDNA is transcribed from total RNA samples, and 91 lncRNAs are evaluated by qRT-PCR.

Results: We observed that N417, H82 and H345 cells require MYC for their growth. Besides, MYC is not only found to regulate the expressions of genes related to invasion, stem cell properties, apoptosis and cell cycle (p21, Bcl2, cyclinD1, Sox2, Aldh1a1, and N-Cadherin), but also found to regulate lncRNAs. With this respect, expressions of AK23948, ANRIL, E2F4AS, GAS5, MEG3, H19, L1PA16, SFMBT2, ZEB2NAT, HOTAIR, Sox2OT, PVT1, and BC200 were observed to be in parallel with MYC expression, whereas expressions of Malat1, PTENP1, Neat1, UCA1, SNHG3, and SNHG6 were inversely correlated.

Conclusion: Targeting MYC-regulated genes as a therapeutic strategy can be important for SCLC therapy. This study indicated the importance of identifying MYC-regulated lncRNAs and that these can be utilized to develop a therapeutic strategy for SCLC.

Keywords: SCLC, MYC , lncRNA, inhibition, overexpression, lentiviral vector.

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Year: 2020
Page: [2074 - 2081]
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DOI: 10.2174/1871520620666200721130700
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