Coronavirus (CoV) is an enveloped positive-sense RNA virus. Coronavirus disease 2019
(COVID-19) is an acute respiratory disease, induced by a new type of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2.
COVID-19 has originated in China and spread quickly all over the world. WHO acknowledged the
outbreak of a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. The spread of COVID-19 signified a big threat
to social life, the economy, and public health. As of April 14, 2020, WHO reported a total of
1,812,734 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 113,675 (6.27 %) deaths throughout the world. Numerous
nations around the globe took assorted measures because of the danger of SARS-CoV-2 and
created wide-ranging preventive approaches. No particular drug or vaccines/antibodies are yet accessible
for the treatment of this unforeseen and lethal illness. The pandemic has brought about
travel limitations and across the country lockdowns in most of the nations. The objective behind
this article was to provide recent updates and well-authenticated information to the scientific community,
health care personnel’s and common public about Coronavirus, their types, characteristic
features, structure and origin, mode of transmission, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnostic
methods, drug development approach, prevention and treatment of COVID-19.