Regulation of Catechins in Uric Acid Metabolism Disorder Related Human Diseases

Author(s): Dan Wu, Wenji Zhang, Xingfei Lai, Qiuhua Li, Lingli Sun, Ruohong Chen, Shili Sun*, Fanrong Cao*

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 20 , Issue 18 , 2020


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Abstract:

Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism in humans. High uric acid levels form sodium urate crystals that trigger biological processes, which lead to the development of several diseases, including diabetes, hyperuricemia, gout, inflammatory disease, kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and hypertension. Catechins have been suggested to be beneficial for the regulation of uric acid metabolic disorders due to their powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. To identify an effective and safe natural substance that can decrease levels of serum uric acid to improve uric acid metabolism disorders. A search was performed on PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar to identify comprehensive studies that presented summarized data on the use of catechins in lowering uric acid levels in diseases. This review details the role of catechins in inhibiting the activity of xanthine oxidase to decrease uric acid overproduction in the liver and in regulating expressions of uric acid transporters, URAT1, OAT1, OAT3, ABCG2 and GLUT9, to balance levels of uric acid secretion and reabsorption through the kidney and intestine. Additionally, Catechins were also found to prevent monosodium urate-induced inflammatory reactions. In vivo, catechins can be used to decrease high uric acid levels that result from hyperuricemia and related diseases. Catechins can be used to maintain the balance of uric acid metabolism.

Keywords: Catechins, uric acid, inflammation, hyperuricemia, nephropathy, metabolic syndrome.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 18
Year: 2020
Published on: 07 December, 2020
Page: [1857 - 1866]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1389557520666200719015919
Price: $65

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