Anti-allergy Effect of Sulfated Polysaccharide from Sargassum polycystum on Dinitrofluorobenzene Induced Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Mice

Author(s): Sharmaine Y. Dela Cruz*, Ross D. Vasquez, Reginald B. Salonga, Mary Jho-Anne T. Corpuz

Journal Name: The Natural Products Journal

Volume 11 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Sargassum polycystum C. Agardh has potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties. However, its anti-allergic effect has not yet been reported. In this study, we investigated the anti-allergic effects of sulfated polysaccharide of S. polycystum (SPSP) in Dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)- induced allergic contact dermatitis animal model.

Methods: SPSP was extracted through the hot water extraction method and was subjected to compositional analyses. For the Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) model, symptoms were induced by the topical application of 0.5% DNFB on the shaved ventral skin of mice. SPSP (500, 1000, and 2000 mg/kg) and Prednisolone were orally administered for seven days after sensitization. Elicitation was performed seven days later with 0.2% DNFB. After this, ear thickness was measured at baseline and 24 hours post elicitation using a dial thickness gauge. Serum of mice was obtained 24 hours post elicitation, and the level of IFNγ and TNFα was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA).

Results: SPSP afforded 33.6% carbohydrates, 23.7% sulfate, 7.5% protein, and 1.5% uronic acid contents. SPSP inhibited the ear swelling and cytokines (IFNγ and TNFα) production in DNFBinduced mice in a dose-dependent manner. In comparison with Prednisolone (p>0.05), the highest concentration (2000 mg/kg) of SPSP showed a comparable anti-allergic effect.

Conclusion: These findings showed that the sulfated polysaccharide from S. polycystum is a potential natural source to treat allergic contact dermatitis. The effect is attributed to the polysaccharideprotein complex present in the extract, but further studies are needed to establish the exact mechanism of action of SPSP in the treatment of the disease.

Keywords: Allergic contact dermatitis, inflammation, sulfated polysaccharide, sargassum polycystum, DNFB, antiallergy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 14 July, 2020
Page: [422 - 427]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/2210315510999200714111931
Price: $25

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