Background: Currently, infectious diseases caused by pathogenic and resistant bacteria
are more challenging for anti-bacterial drug discovery. The discovery of new anti-bacterial agents
developed in many mechanisms includes disruption of the bacterial cell wall formations. The MurA
is a key enzyme contributing to the first step of bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis and is, therefore,
proposed as an effective bactericidal target.
Objective: The purpose of this research is to identify anti-bacterial compounds from U. gambir
Roxb and to predict the potential inhibitory activities against murA enzyme by in silico study.
Materials and Methods: Investigation and discovery of new inhibitors of MurA enzyme were conducted
on the medicinal plant of Gambir (Uncaria gambir Roxb) and those that reportedly contained
anti-bacterial agents. The anti-bacterial compounds were isolated by combinations of chromatography
methods guided by anti-bacterial activity against bacteria of E. faecalis, S. mutans, and S.
sanguinis. The structures of active compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods, and
the anti-bacterial activity was evaluated by the microdilution method (in vitro) combined with molecular
docking of the MurA enzyme (in silico).
Results: The anti-bacterial flavonoids of catechin were isolated from U. gambir Roxb with MIC
values of 6250 and 12500 ppm, respectively, against S. sanguinis and E. faecalis. The in silico study
showed that catechin has a binding affinity of -8.5 Kcal/mol to MurA which is higher than fosfomycin
as a positive control.
Conclusions: The catechin is predicted to have potential as a new natural inhibitor of the MurA enzyme
to inhibit bacterial cell wall biosynthesis.