FACT Controllers and their Optimal Location: An Extensive Review

Author(s): Hanuman P. Agrawal, Hariom Bansal*

Journal Name: Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Formerly Recent Patents on Electrical & Electronic Engineering

Volume 13 , Issue 8 , 2020


Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: The power industry has been evolving continuously and influenced by a competitive deregulated market. The crucial demand to maximize the efficiency of the existing equipment requires it’s proper management. Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) are flexible devices, which provide dynamic control over the power system to cope with its dynamic nature.

Methods: An extensive review is carried out on FACT devices covering its classification, importance, optimal placement and influence on the power systems.

Results: In this paper, different techniques to identify the optimal location of placing FACT devices have been discussed and compared, as the placement of these devices in the power system is of utmost importance for its efficiency.

Conclusion: This paper summarizes techniques available for optimal placement of FACTS devices in order to improve power system performance. It will serve as a ready reference for the future researchers in this field and help them in selecting the proper devices to carry out their work.

Keywords: Power system, flexible AC transmission system controllers, power control, power system stability, static VAR compensators, SSSC, AI techniques.

[1]
I.N. Muisyo, and K.K. Kaberere, "Utilization of FACTS devices in power systems : A review.", In:Sustainable Research and Innovation Conference., JKUAT Main Campus: Kenya, 2018, pp. 1-7.
[2]
N.G. Hingoran, "Role of FACTS in a derepulated market", In: IEEE Conference Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, Seattle, WA, USA, 2000, pp. 1463-1467.
[3]
S. Chirantan, S.C. Swain, P.C. Panda, and R. Jena, "Enhancement of power profiles by various FACTS devices in power system", In: 2nd International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems, Coimbatore, India, 2017, pp. 896-901.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CESYS.2017.8321212]
[4]
N.G. Hingorani, and L. Gyugyi, Understanding FACTS: Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems, Wilet IEEE: Press: New York, 2000.
[5]
L.L. Lai, Power System Restructuring and Deregulation., John Wiley & Sons: New York, 2003.
[6]
Y. Mitani, K. Tsuji, and G. Matushiro, "Loop power flow control to minimize power losses and augment voltage stability", In: IEEE Conference, Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, New York, NY, USA, 1998, pp. 719-724.
[7]
B. Viswanath, K. Revathi, and T.R. Jyothsna, "FACTS controllers for enhancement of power system performance : State-of-the-art", Int. J. Pure Appl. Math., vol. 114, no. 8, pp. 265-273, 2017.
[8]
C. Srivastava, "Novel Approach for determining pilot bus and it`s analysis for overall stability enhancement with FACTS controller", In: IEEE 1st International Conference on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems (ICPEICES), Delhi, India, no. 1 2016, pp. 1-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICPEICES.2016.7853691]
[9]
A.G. Reddy, and I.K. Swamy, "Analyzing the performance of distributed power flow controller in transmission system", In: International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control Systems, Madurai, India, 2017, pp. 1196-1199.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICCONS.2017.8250657]
[10]
B. Bhattacharyya, and S. Kumar, "Load ability enhancement with FACTS devices using gravitational search algorithm", Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 78, pp. 470-479, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2015.11.114]
[11]
S.M. Abd-Elazim, and E.S. Ali, "Optimal Location of STATCOM in multi-machine power system for increasing load ability by cuckoo search algorithm", Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 80, pp. 240-251, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2016.01.023]
[12]
W.M. Lin, and S.J. Chen, "An application of interior-point based OPF for system expansion with FACTS devices in a deregulated environment", In: IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology, Perth, WA, Australia, 2000, pp. 1407-1412.
[13]
Y.X. Song, and Y.H. Sun, Versatile model for power flow control using FACTS : DevicesIn: IEEE Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, Beijing, China,, 2000, pp. 868-874.
[14]
M. Weiss, B.N. Abu-Jaradeh, A. Chakrabortty, A. Jamehbozorg, F. Habibi-ashrafi, and A. Salazar, "A wide-area SVC controller design for inter-area oscillation damping in WECC based on a structured dynamic equivalent model", Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 133, pp. 1-11, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2015.11.009]
[15]
N. Schnurr, T. Weber, W.H. Wellssow, and T. Wess, "Load-flow control with FACTS devices in competitive markets", In: IEEE International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, London, UK, 2000, pp. 17-22.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/DRPT.2000.855632]
[16]
G. Shahgholian, E. Mardani, M. Mahdavian, and M. Janghorbani, "Impact of PSS and STATCOM on dynamic parameters of power system based on neuro-fuzzy controllers", In: 13th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON), Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2016, pp. 1-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ECTICon.2016.7561243]
[17]
R.M.M. Pereira, "FACTS performance in the dynamic voltage stability of an electric power system", In: 52nd International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2017, pp. 1-5.
[18]
S.C. Srivastava, and P. Kumar, "Optimal power dispatch in deregulated market considering congestion management", In: IEEE International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, 2000, pp. 4-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/DRPT.2000.855638]
[19]
N.P. Padhy, M.A.R. Abdel-Moamen, P.K. Trivedi, and B. Das, "A hybrid model for optimal power flow incorporating FACTS devices", In: IEEE International conference Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, Columbus, OH, USA, 2001, pp. 510-515.
[20]
P.W. Sauer, and M.A. Pai, Power System Dynamics and Stability., Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 1998.
[21]
Y.N. Yu, Electric Power System Dynamics., Academic Press: London, 1983.
[22]
N.G. Hingorani, and A.C. Flexible, "Transmission", IEEE Spectr., pp. 40-45, 1993.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/6.206621]
[23]
J.R. Smith, G. Andersson, and C.W. Taylor, "Annotated bibliography on power system stability controls", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 794-800, 1996.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.496156]
[24]
Y.-Y. Hsu, and K. Liou, "Design of self tuning PID power system stabilizers for synchronous generators", IEEE Trans. Energ. Convers., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 343-348, 1987.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.1987.4765857]
[25]
R.M. Mathur, and P.K. Verma, Thyristor-Based FACTS Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems, Wiley-IEEE: Press: New York, 2002.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/9780470546680]
[26]
N.G. Hingorani, "High power electronics and flexible AC transmission system north american electric reliability council news", IEEE Power Eng. Rev., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 3-4, 1988.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MPER.1988.590799]
[27]
Y.H. Song, and A.T. Johns, Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS)., IEE Press: London, 1999.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/PBPO030E]
[28]
M.A. Abdel-Moamen, and N.P. Padhy, Optimal power flow incorporating FACTS devices- bibliography and surveyIn: IEEE Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, Dallas, TX, USA, , 2003, pp. 669-676.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TDC.2003.1335357]
[29]
G. Andersson, "Power flow control by use of controllable series components", IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 1420-1429, 1993.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/61.252669]
[30]
E. Acha, C.R. Fuerte-Esquivel, H. Ambriz-Perez, and C. Angeles-Camacho, FACTS: Modelling and Simulation in Power Networks., John Wiley & Sons: New York, 2004.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/0470020164]
[31]
K. Ramakrishna, G. Revana, and V. Gopala, "Reactive power loss control in power flow controller using adaptive learning", Int. J. Innov. Res. Electr. Electron. Instrum. Control Eng., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 1220-1226, 2014.
[32]
X. Zhang, C. Rehtanz, and B. Pal, “Power system stability control using FACTS control design for multi-model systems”, Flexible AC Transm. Syst., Modell. Cont. Berlin Heidel, 2012, pp. 439-475.
[33]
N. Niamul Islam, M.A. Hannan, A. Mohamed, and H. Shareef, "Improved power system stability using backtracking search algorithm for coordination design of PSS and TCSC damping controller", PLoS One, vol. 11, no. 1, 2016.e0146277
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146277 PMID: 26745265]
[34]
S.S. Fouda, and A.Y. Chikhani, "Characteristic performance of thyristor controlled reactor used in reactive power control", In: Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 1993, pp. 445-448.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CCECE.1993.332344]
[35]
H. Ambriz-Perez, E. Acha, and C.R. Fuerte-Esquivel, "Advanced SVC models for newton-raphson load flow and newton optimal power flow studies", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 129-136, 2000.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.852111]
[36]
L. Gyugyi, "Power electronics in electric utilities : Static VAR compensators", Proceeding IEEE Conf., vol. 76, pp. 483-494, 1988.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/5.4433]
[37]
M.H. Haque, "Best location of SVC to improve first swing stability limit of a power system", Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 77, pp. 1402-1409, 2007.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2006.10.010]
[38]
Y. Dwivedi, and V.K. Tayal, Robust control of power system using shunt FACTS controllersIn: Robust control of power system using shunt FACTS controllers, vol. 1-6. Patiala, India, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IICPE.2016.8079337]
[39]
B. Fani, M. Mahdavian, and S. Javadi, "Shunt FACTS controller : Classification, modeling, operation and control techniques", In: 14th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON), Phuket, Thailand, 2017, pp. 50-53.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ECTICon.2017.8096170]
[40]
R.K, Padiyar, Power System Dynamic Stability and Control., 2nd ed BS Publications: Hyderabad, 2002.
[41]
S. Panda, and R.N. Patel, "Improving power system transient stability with an off - centre location of shunt FACTS devices", J. Electr. Eng., vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 365-368, 2006.
[42]
R. Mihalic, P. Zunko, and D. Povh, "Improvement of Transient Stability using Unified Power Flow Controller", IEEE Transact. Power Del., vol. 11. 1996, no. 1, p. 485-492
[43]
A. Mohanty, S. Patra, and P.K. Ray, "Robust fuzzy-sliding mode based UPFC controller for transient stability analysis in autonomous wind-diesel-PV hybrid system", IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1248-1257, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2015.1000]
[44]
X.Y. Zhou, H.F. Wang, and R.K. Aggarwal, "Detailed modelling and simulation of UPFC using EMTP X.Y", In: 39th International Universities Power Engineering Conference, Bristol, UK, 2014, pp. 256-260.
[45]
K.R. Padiyar, FACTS Controllers in Power Transmission and Distribution:, New Age International Limited:: New Delhi, 2007.
[46]
P. Kundur, Power system stability and control, New Delhi., McGraw-Hill: Tata, 1994.
[47]
A.M. Hemeida, M.M. Hamada, Y.A. Mobarak, A. El-Bahnasawy, M.G. Ashmawy, and T. Senjyu, TCSC with auxiliary controls based voltage and reactive power controls on grid power system: Ain Shams Eng. J., pp. 1-23, 2019.
[48]
M.J. Basler, and R.C. Schaefer, "Understanding power system stability", In: 58th Annual Conference for Protective Relay Engineers, College Station, TX, USA, 2005, pp. 46-67.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CPRE.2005.1430421]
[49]
E.V. Larsen, J.J. Sanchez-Gasca, and J.H. Chow, "Concepts for design of FACTS controllers to damp power swings", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 948-956, 1995.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.387938]
[50]
H. Saadat, Power System Analysis, New Delhi., McGraw-Hill: Tata, 2002.
[51]
E.Z. Zhou, "Application of Static VAR Compensators to increase power system damping", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 655-661, 1993.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.260815]
[52]
F. Ichikawa, K. Suzuki, T. Nakajima, S. Irokawa, and T. Kitahara, "Development of self-commutated SVC for power system", In: Power Conversion Conference, vol. 93. Okohama, Japan, 1993, pp. 609-614.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PCCON.1993.264186]
[53]
Y. Tang, "A new converter topology for advanced static VAR compensation in high power applications", In: IEEE Industry Applications Twenty-Eight IAS Annual Meeting Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2015, pp. 947-953.
[54]
D. Wuest, "An improved PWM optimization method for a static reactive power compensator with self-commutated inverter", In: 22nd Annual IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1991, pp. 763-768.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PESC.1991.162762]
[55]
K. Gupta, B. Khan, and S.E. Mubeen, "Available transfer capability enhancement by unified power flow controller", In: IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing, Informatics, Communication and Energy Systems, Kozhikode, India, 2015, pp. 1-4.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SPICES.2015.7091428]
[56]
T. Fetouh, and M.S. Zaky, "New approach to design SVC-based stabiliser using genetic algorithm and rough set theory", IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 372-382, 2017.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2016.0701]
[57]
B.M. Han, S.T. Beak, and J.S. Ko, "New configuration of 36-pulse voltage source converter for STATCOM application", In: 31st IEEE Annual Conf, 2005, pp. 865-870.
[58]
N. Mithulananthan, C.A. Canizares, J. Reeve, and G.J. Rogers, "Comparison of PSS, SVC, and STATCOM controllers for damping power system oscillations", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 786-792, 2003.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2003.811181]
[59]
L. Malesani, and P. Tomasin, "PWM current control techniques of voltage source converters - A survey", In: IEEE Int. Conf. Industrial Electronics, Control and Instrumentation, Maui, HI, USA, 1993, pp. 670-675.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.1993.339000]
[60]
H.A. Kojori, S.B. Dewan, and J.D. Lavers, "A large-scale PWM solid-state synchronous condenser", IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 41-48, 1992.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/28.120211]
[61]
M. Beza, and M. Bongiorno, "An adaptive power oscillation damping controller by STATCOM with energy storage", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 484-493, 2015.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2014.2320411]
[62]
Y.H. Liu, J. Arrillaga, and N.R. Watson, "STATCOM performance of a multi-level voltage reinjection converter", In: IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference & Exhibition: Asia and Pacific, Dalian, China , 2005, pp. 1-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TDC.2005.1546808]
[63]
B. Singh, and R. Saha, "Modeling of 18-pulse STATCOM for power system applications", J. Power Electron., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 146-158, 2007.
[64]
Y.H. Liu, N.R. Watson, J. Arrillaga, and L.B. Perera, "Multi-level current reinjection CSC for STATCOM application", In: International Conference on Power System Technology, vol. 1. Chongqing, China, 2006, pp. 1-5.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICPST.2006.321793]
[65]
A.H.B.M. Yatini, and M.A.S. Miah, "Simulation of a PWM reactive power compensator using P spice", In: IEEE Conference on Computer, Communication, Control and Power Engineering, Beijing, China, 1993, pp. 314-317.
[66]
H. Taheri, S. Shahabi, S. Taheri, and A. Gholami, Application of Synchronous Static Series Compensator (SSSC) on enhancement of voltage stability and power oscillation damping In: IEEE EUROCON 2009, St.-Petersburg, Russia, no. 1 2009, pp. 533-539.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EURCON.2009.5167683]
[67]
P.M. Anderson, and A.A. Fouad, Power System Control and Stability., vol. 1. Iowa State University Press, 1977.
[68]
R. Majumder, B.C. Pal, and C. Dufour, "Design and real-time implementation of robust FACTS controller for damping inter-area oscillation", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 809-816, 2006.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2006.873020]
[69]
R. Somalwar, and M. Khemariya, "A review of enhancement of transient stability by FACTS devices", Int. J. Emerg. Technol. Sci. Eng., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 72-76, 2012.
[70]
K.K. Sen, "SSSC - Static synchronous series compensator: Theory, modeling, and applications", IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 241-246, 1998.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/61.660884]
[71]
M.H. Rashid, Power Electronics - Circuits, Devices, and Applications., Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 1993.
[72]
R.K. Varma, S. Auddy, and Y. Semsedini, "Mitigation of subsynchronous resonance in a series-compensated wind farm using FACTS controllers", IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1645-1654, 2008.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2008.917699]
[73]
L. Gyugyi, "Dynamic Compensation of AC transmission line by solid state synchronous voltage sources", IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 904-911, 1994.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/61.296273]
[74]
F. Dong, B.H. Chowdhury, M.L. Crow, and L. Acar, "Improving voltage stability by reactive power reserve management", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 338-345, 2005.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2004.841241]
[75]
R. Mienski, IEEE International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2002, pp. 620-625.
[76]
L. Gyugyi, "Solid state control of electric power in AC transmission systems", In: International Symposium on Electric Energy conversion in Power systems, Capn, Italy, 1989.
[77]
S.M.A. Elazim, and E.S. Ali, "Optimal SSSC Design for Damping Power Systems Oscillations via Gravitational Search Algorithm", Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 82, pp. 161-168, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2016.02.023]
[78]
A. El-zonkoly, "Optimal sizing of SSSC controllers to minimize transmission loss and a novel model of SSSC to study transient response", Electr. Power Syst. Res. J., vol. 78, pp. 1856-1864, 2008.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2008.03.017]
[79]
H.F. Wang, "Design of SSSC damping controller to improve power system oscillation stability", In: IEEE International 5th Africon Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 1999, pp. 495-500.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AFRCON.1999.820931]
[80]
H.P. Agrawal, H.O. Bansal, and M. Saini, "Mitigation of power oscillations using static synchronous series compensator and POD controller", In: International Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering and Material Sciences, Jaipur, India, 2016.
[81]
N.G. and Hingoran, "FACTS - flexible AC transmission system", In: Proceedings of 5th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, UK, 1991, pp. 1-7.
[82]
A. Siddique, Y. Xu, W. Aslam, M. Rasheed, and M. Fatima, "Analysis of transient stability with SSSC and UPFC with multi-band PSS in two area multi-machine system", In: 3rd International Conference on Integrated Circuits and Microsystems, Shanghai, China, 2018, pp. 226-230.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICAM.2018.8596514]
[83]
L. Gyugyi, K.K. Sen, and C.D. Schauder, "The interline power flow controller concept: A new approach to power flow management in transmission systems", IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 1115-1123, 1999.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/61.772382]
[84]
F.G.M. Lima, F.D. Galiana, I. Kockar, and J. Munoz, "Phase shifter placement in large-scale systems via mixed integer linear programming", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 1029-1034, 2003.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2003.814858]
[85]
L. Gyugyi, "Unified power-flow control concept for flexible AC transmission systems", In: IEE Proceeding-C, vol. 139. no. 4 1992, pp. 323-331.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/ip-c.1992.0048]
[86]
A. Hasanovic, and W. Virginia, Modeling and Control of the Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC): MSc. Thesis, West Virginia University, 2000.
[87]
M.M. Ertay, and Z. Aydogmus, "The simulation study and dynamic analysis of unified power flow controller for industrial and educational purposes", Electron. Electr. Eng., vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 109-114, 2012.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.eee.121.5.1662]
[88]
A.R. Bhowmik, and C. Nandi, "Implementation of Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) for power quality improvement in IEEE 14-bus system", Int. J. Comp. Tech. Appl., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1889-1896, 2011.
[89]
P. Maohanavel, and T.A. Raghavendiran, "Fuzzy logic based power oscillation damping controller for power system equipped with UPFC", Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 143-149, 2011.
[90]
S. Morsli, A. Tayeb, D. Mouloud, and C.A. Abdelkader, "A robust adaptive fuzzy control of a unified power flow", Turk. J. Electr. Eng. Comput. Sci., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 87-98, 2012.
[91]
P. Zunko, and I. Papi, "“Mathematical model and steady-state operational characteristics of a unified power flow controller”, Electrotech. Revi., Ljubljana", Slovenija, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 285-290, 2002.
[92]
J.G. Slootweg, and W.L. Kling, "“Modeling of large wind farms in power system Simulations”, Electrotechnical Rev. Ljubljana", Slovenija, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 285-290, 2002.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PESS.2002.1043286]
[93]
B.N. Singh, A. Chandra, and B. Singh, "Performance of sliding-mode and fuzzy controllers for a static synchronous series compensator", In: IEE Proceedings-Generation, Transm. Distrib., vol. 146. no. 2 1999, pp. 200-206.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/ip-gtd:19990072]
[94]
M.S. El-Moursi, B. Bak-Jensen, and M.H. Abdel-Rahman, "Novel STATCOM controller for mitigating SSR and damping power system oscillations in a series compensated wind park", IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 429-441, 2010.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2026650]
[95]
P.A. Lof, T. Smed, G. Andersson, and D.J. Hill, "Fast calculation of a voltage stability Index", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 54-64, 1992.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.141687]
[96]
A.M. Gole, A. Keri, C. Nwankpa, E.W. Gunther, H.W. Dommel, and I. Hassan, "Guidelines for modelling power electronics in electric power engineering application", IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 505-514, 1997.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/61.568278]
[97]
W. Pan, J. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chang, and C. Wang, Novel configuration of 60-pulse voltage source converterIn: IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, Tampa, FL, USA, 2007, pp. 1-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PES.2007.385943]
[98]
A.N. Udupa, D. Thukaram, and K. Parthasarathy, "An expert fuzzy control approach to voltage stability enhancement", Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 21, pp. 279-287, 1999.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-0615(98)00049-0]
[99]
T.S. Sidhu, and L. Cui, "Contingency Screening for steady-state security analysis by using FFT and artificial neural networks", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 421-426, 2000.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.852154]
[100]
G.C. Eiebe, and B.F. Wollenberg, "Automatic contingency selection", IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 97-109, 1979.
[101]
T.F. Halpin, R. Fischl, and R. Fink, "Analysis of automatic contingency selection algorithms", IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst, vol. 103, no. 5, pp. 938-945, 1984.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPAS.1984.318696]
[102]
D.B. Valle, and P.B. Araujo, "The influence of GUPFC FACTS device on small signal stability of the electrical power systems", Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 65, pp. 299-306, 2015.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.10.012]
[103]
R.K. Khadanga, and J.K. Satapathy, "A new hybrid GA – GSA algorithm for tuning damping controller parameters for a unified power flow controller", Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 73, pp. 1060-1069, 2015.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2015.07.016]
[104]
K. Visakha, D. Thukaram, and L. Jenkins, "Application of UPFC for system security improvement under normal and network contingencies", Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 70, pp. 46-55, 2004.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2003.11.011]
[105]
R.C. Bansal, "Optimization methods for electric power systems : An overview", Int. J. Emerg. Electr. Power Syst., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-23, 2005.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2202/1553-779X.1021]
[106]
B. Singh, P. Tiwari, and S.N. Singh, "Enhancement of power system performances by optimally placed FACTS controllers by using different optimization techniques in distribution systems: A taxonomical review", In: 5th IEEE Uttar Pradesh Section International Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering (UPCON), Gorakhpur, India, 2018, pp. 1-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/UPCON.2018.8597060]
[107]
A.A. Bhandakkar, and L. Mathew, "Optimal placement of unified power flow controller and hybrid power flow controller using optimization technique", In: In: 54th Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference (I&CPS), Niagara Falls, ON, Canada, 2018, pp. 1-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICPS.2018.8370001]
[108]
F.D. Galiana, "Bound estimates of the severity of line outages in power system contingency analysis and ranking", IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst, vol. 103, no. 9, pp. 2612-2624, 1984.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPAS.1984.318430]
[109]
M. Toussaint, J. Griffin, D. Atanackovic, and D.T. Mcgillis, "Assessment and control of the impact of FACTS devices on power system performance", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1931-1936, 1996.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.544666]
[110]
V.C. Ramesh, and X. Li, "A fuzzy multi-objective approach to contingency constrained OPF", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 1348-1354, 1997.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.630480]
[111]
S.Y. Ge, and T.S. Chung, "Optimal active power flow incorporating power flow control needs in flexible AC transmission systems", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 738-744, 1999.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.761906]
[112]
Y.Y. Hsu, and H. Kuo, "Fuzzy-set based contingency ranking", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1189-1196, 1992.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.207333]
[113]
R.J. Fleming, M.A. Mohan, and K. Parvatisam, "Selection of parameters of stabilizers in multi- machine power systems", IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 2329-2333, 1981.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPAS.1981.316752]
[114]
V. Ajjarapu, P.L. Lau, and S. Battula, "An optimal reactive power planning strategy against voltage collapse", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 906-917, 1994.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.317656]
[115]
D.J. Gotham, "Power flow control and power flow studies for systems with FACTS devices", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 60-65, 1998.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.651614]
[116]
D. Thukaram, and K. Parthasarathy, "Optimal reactive power dispatch algorithm for voltage stability improvement", Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 461-468, 1996.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0142-0615(96)00004-X]
[117]
K. Seetharamayya, and M.V. Rao, "Optimal power flow studies using FACTS devices", Int. J. Sci. Res., vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 820-826, 2015.
[118]
Y. Xiao, Y.H. Song, and Y.Z. Sun, "Power flow control approach to power systems with embedded FACTS devices", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 943-950, 2002.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2002.804919]
[119]
M.R. Shaik, and A.S. Reddy, "Optimal placement and sizing of FACTS device to overcome contingencies in power systems", In: International Conference on Signal Processing, Communication, Power and Embedded System (SCOPES), Paralakhemundi, India, 2016, pp. 838-842.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SCOPES.2016.7955559]
[120]
M. Packiasudha, S. Suja, and J. Jerome, "Electrical power and energy systems: A new cumulative gravitational search algorithm for optimal placement of FACT device to minimize system loss in the deregulated electrical power environment", Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 84, pp. 34-46, 2017.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2016.04.049]
[121]
M. Singh, and S. Gupta, "Optimal placement of facts devices in power system for power quality improvement", Int. J. Recent Technol. Eng., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 605-610, 2019.
[122]
E.J.D. Oliveira, J.W.M. Lima, and K.C.D. Almeida, "Allocation of FACTS devices in hydrothermal systems", IEBB Trans. Power Syst., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 276-282, 2000.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.852133]
[123]
S.N. Singh, and A.K. David, "Optimal location of FACTS devices for congestion management", Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 58, pp. 71-79, 2001.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7796(01)00087-6]
[124]
S.R. Pudi, and S.C. Srivastava, "Optimal Placement of TCSC based on a sensitivity approach for congestion management", In: In: Fifteenth National Power Systems Conference (NPSC), IIT Bombay: India, 2008, pp. 558-563.
[125]
G.N. Taranto, L.M.V.G. Pinto, and M.V.F. Pereira, "Representation of FACTS devices in power system economic dispatch", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 572-576, 1992.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.141761]
[126]
L.A.S. Pilotto, W.W. Ping, A.R. Carvoalino, A. Wey, W.F. Long, F.L. Alavrado, and A. Edris, "Determination of needed FACTS controllers that increase asset utilization of power system", IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 364-371, 1997.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/61.568260]
[127]
F.G.M. Lima, J. Munoz, I. Kockar, and F.D. Galiana, "Optimal location of phase shifters in a competitive market by mixed integer linear programming", In: Proc. 14th PSCC, Sevilla, Spain, 2002, pp. 1-6.
[128]
T.T. Lie, and W. Deng, "Optimal Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices allocation", Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 125-134, 1997.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-0615(96)00036-1]
[129]
P. Bhasaputra, and W. Ongsakul, "Optimal placement of multi-type facts devices by hybrid TS/SA approach", In: IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Bangkok, Thailand, 2003, pp. 375-37.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISCAS.2003.1205034]
[130]
Y. Hsu, "Identification of optimum location for stabiliser applications using participation factors", In: IEE Proceeding- Gener. Transm. Distrib, vol. 134. no. 3 1987, no. , pp. 238-244.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/ip-c.1987.0037]
[131]
P. Taylor, J.G. Singh, S.N. Singh, and S.C. Srivastava, "Optimal placement of unified power flow controller based on system loading distribution factors", Electr. Power Compon. Syst., vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 441-463, 2009.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15325000802548939]
[132]
H.A. Abdelsalam, G.A.M. Aly, M. Abdelkrim, and K.M. Shebl, Optimal location of the united power flow controller in electrical power systemsIn: IEEE PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition, Halifax, NS: Canada, 2004, pp. 1391-1396.
[133]
C.R. Fuerte-Esquivel, and E. Acha, "Unified power flow controller : A critical comparison of Newton-Raphson UPFC algorithms in power flow studies", IEE Proc., Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 437-444, 1997.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/ip-gtd:19971385]
[134]
T. Jain, S.N. Singh, and S.C. Srivastava, "Dynamic ATC enhancement through optimal placement of FACTS controllers", Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 79, pp. 1473-1482, 2009.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2009.04.019]
[135]
S.M. Alamelu, and R.P.K. Devi, "Noval optimal placement of UPFC based sensitivity analysis and evolutionary programming", J. Eng. Appl. Sci. (Asian Res. Publ. Netw.), vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 59-63, 2008.
[136]
A.F. Attia, and A.M. Sharaf, A robust FACTS based fuzzy control scheme for dynamic stabilization of generator station: Ain Shams Eng. J., pp. 1-13, 2019.
[137]
J.S. Sarda, V.N. Parmar, D.G. Patel, and L.K. Patel, "Genetic algorithm approach for Optimal location of FACTS devices to improve system load ability and minimization of losses", Int. J. Adv. Res. Electric. Electron. Instrument. Eng., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 114-125, 2012.
[138]
A. Kazemi, M. Ladjevardi, and M.A.S. Masoumm, "Optimal selection of SSSC based damping controller parameters for improving power system dynamic stability using genetic algorithm, Iran. J. Sci. Technol. Trans. B", Eng., vol. 29, no. B1, pp. 1-10, 2005.
[139]
L.J. Cai, I. Erlich, and G. Stamtsis, Optimal choice and allocation of FACTS devices in deregulated electricity market using genetic algorithms In: IEEE PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition, New York, NY, USA, 2004, pp. 201-207.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PSCE.2004.1397562]
[140]
H.C. Leung, and T.S. Chung, "Optimal placement of FACTS controller in power system by a genetic-based algorithm", In: IEEE 1999 International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Hong Kong, 1999, pp. 833-836.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PEDS.1999.792814]
[141]
V.A. Preethi, S. Muralidharan, and S. Rajasekar, "Application of genetic algorithm to power system voltage stability enhancement using facts devices", In: International Conference on Recent Advancements In Electrical, Electronics And Control Engineering, Sivakasi, India, 2011, pp. 333-338.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICONRAEeCE.2011.6129806]
[142]
W. Ongsakul, and P. Bhasaputra, "Optimal power flow with FACTS devices by hybrid TS / SA approach", Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 24, pp. 851-857, 2002.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0142-0615(02)00006-6]
[143]
T.S. Chung, and Y.Z. Li, "A hybrid GA approach for OPF with consideration of FACTS devices", IEEE Power Eng. Rev., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 47-50, 2001.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/39.896822]
[144]
S. Gerbex, R. Cherkaoui, and A.J. Germond, "Optimal location of multi-type FACTS devices in a power system by means of genetic algorithms", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 537-544, 2001.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.932292]
[145]
L.J. Cai, and I. Erlich, Optimal choice and allocation of FACTS devices using genetic algorithmsIn: 12th ISAP 2003 ConferenceIntelligent Systems Application to Power System, Lemnos: Greece, 2003, pp. 1-6.
[146]
P. Paterni, S. Vitet, M. Bena, and A. Yokoyama, "Optimal location of phase shifters in the French network by genetic algorithm", IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 37-42, 1999.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/59.744481]
[147]
J.P. Roselyn, D. Devaraj, and S.S. Dash, "Multi-objective genetic algorithm for voltage stability enhancement using rescheduling and FACTS devices", AIN SHAMS Eng. J., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 789-801, 2014.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2014.04.004]
[148]
S. Kannan, S.M. Raja, P. Subbaraj, and N. Prasad, "Application of particle swarm optimization technique and its variants to generation expansion planning problem", Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 70, pp. 203-210, 2004.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2003.12.009]
[149]
S. Kannan, S.M.R. Slochanal, P. Subbaraj, and N.P. Pandhay, "Optimal Location and Parameter Settings of TCSC under Single Line Contingency Using PSO Technique", Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 153-157, 2014.
[150]
G. Shahgholian, and A. Movahedi, "Power system stabiliser and flexible alternating current transmission systems controller coordinated design using adaptive velocity update relaxation particle swarm optimization algorithm in multi-machine power system", IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1860-1868, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2015.1002]
[151]
A. El-Sherif, G. Elkobrosy, Y. Abouelseoud, and Y. Helmy, "“Optimal Placement and Settings of FACTS Devices for Reactive Power Compensation using a Firefly Algorithm", In: Proc. 2019 IEEE PES Innov. Smart Grid Technol. Eur. ISGTEurope 2019, Bucharest, Romania, 2019, pp. 1-5.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISGTEurope.2019.8905492]
[152]
A.A. Ahmad, and R. Sirjani, Optimal placement and sizing of multi-type FACTS devices in power systems using metaheuristic optimisation techniques: An updated review., Ain Shams Eng. J., 2019, pp. 1-18.
[153]
E.N. Kumar, and R. Dhanasekaran, "Optimal Power Flow with FACTS Controller Using Hybrid PSO", Arab. J. Sci. Eng., vol. 39, pp. 3137-3138, 2014.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13369-013-0943-0]
[154]
R. Pratap, V. Mukherjee, and S.P. Ghoshal, "Particle swarm optimization with an aging leader and challengers algorithm for optimal power flow problem with FACTS devices", Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 64, pp. 1185-1196, 2015.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.09.005]
[155]
J. Pavleka, S. Nikolovski, and M. Stojkov, "Finding optimal location of FACTS device for dynamic reactive power compensation using genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimisation (PSO)", Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, vol. 95, no. 8, pp. 86-91, 2019.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.15199/48.2019.08.21]
[156]
S. Chansareewittaya, "Optimal Allocations of FACTS Controllers for Economic Dispatch Using Evolutionary Programming", In: 21st Int. Comput. Sci. Eng. Conf. Bangkok, vol. vol. 6, 2017pp. 1-5 Thailand, 2017.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICSEC.2017.8443901]
[157]
R. Vanitha, and M. Sudhakaran, "Optimal Location and Control Parameter Settings of UPFC Using Differential Evolution Algorithm", Int. J. Comput. Appl., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 20-26, 2011.
[158]
B. Venkateswarlu, and K. Vaisakh, "Adaptive unified differential evolution algorithm for optimal operation of power systems with static security, transient stability and SSSC device", Int. J. Innov. Technol. Explor. Eng., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 2238-2253, 2019.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.A4809.119119]
[159]
S.K. Wang, "Coordinated parameter design of power system stabilizers and static synchronous compensator using gradual hybrid differential evaluation", Electr. Power Energy Syst. J., vol. 81, pp. 165-174, 2016.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2016.02.016]
[160]
S. Panda, and N.K. Yegireddy, "Multi-input single output SSSC based damping controller design by a hybrid improved differential evolution-pattern search approach", ISA Trans., vol. 58, pp. 173-185, 2015.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.isatra.2015.03.012 PMID: 25864132]
[161]
A.K. Diwedi, and S. Vadhera, "Reactive power sustainability and voltage stability with different FACTS devices using PSAT", In: 6th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Network, Noida, India, 2019, pp. 1-10.
[162]
G.I. Rashed, Y. Sun, and H.I. Shaheen, "Optimal location and parameter setting of TCSC for loss minimization based on differential evolution and genetic algorithm", Phys. Procedia, vol. 33, pp. 1864-1878, 2012.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2012.05.296]
[163]
S.P. Dash, K.R. Subhashini, and J.K. Satapathy, "Optimal location and parametric settings of FACTS devices based on JAYA blended moth flame optimization for transmission loss minimization in power systems", Microsyst. Technol., vol. 5, pp. 1-10, 2020.
[164]
S. Ram, and V. Reddy, "Optimal setting of FACTS devices for voltage stability improvement using PSO adaptive GSA hybrid algorithm", Eng. Sci. Technol. Int. J., vol. 19, pp. 1166-1176, 2016.
[165]
K. Chandrasekar, and N.V. Ramana, "Performance comparison of DE, PSO and GA approaches in transmission power loss minimization using FACTS devices", Int. J. Comput. Appl., vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 58-62, 2011.


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2020
Published on: 13 July, 2020
Page: [1206 - 1216]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/2352096513999200714102628
Price: $25

Article Metrics

PDF: 15
HTML: 2