Aims & Objective: H-ZSM-5 catalysts with a Si/Al molar ratio of 200 were effectively prepared by a microwaveassisted hydrothermal technique through the existence of tetrapropyl ammonium hydroxide (TPAOH).
Methods: The introduction of controllable mesopores into ZSM-5 crystals was performed efficiently via desilication derived
from an alkaline NaOH/piperidine solution. Then, the acidic characteristic of the desilicated ZSM-5 specimens was improved
using phosphorus modification. The catalysts were subjected to XRD, ICP-OES, BET, FE-SEM, TGA, NH3-TPD and FT-IR
analysis. The catalytic activity of the synthesized zeolites in the reaction of methanol to propylene (MTP) was examined in a
packed-bed reactor at 475 °C, atmospheric pressure and WHSV of 0.9 h–1.
Results & Conclusion: The findings showed alkaline treatment in NaOH/piperidine solution created uniform mesoporosity
with no severe damage in the crystal structure. Similarly, phosphorus modification developed the acidic features and led to the
optimal catalytic efficiency in terms of maximum propylene selectivity (49.16%) and propylene/ethylene (P/E) ratio (5.97) as
well as the maximum lifetime of the catalyst.