Insight into Delivery Approaches for Biopharmaceutics Classification System Class II and IV Drugs

Author(s): Shashank Chaturvedi*, Raghav Mishra

Journal Name: Drug Delivery Letters

Volume 10 , Issue 4 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Formulation development of BCS Class II and IV drugs is a challenging task due to their poor solubility and permeability issue.

An extensive literature survey was conducted to explore the relevant pharmaceutical approaches that have been used for solving the issue of poor solubility and permeability in the recent past.

It has been found that a plethora of approaches have been investigated for addressing the issue of poor solubility and or permeability. These include physical modifications (modification of crystal habit, particle size reduction, complexation, polymorphism and drug dispersion in carriers), chemical modifications (salt formation), and formulation modifications (Nanotechnology-based approaches and hydrotropy).

The physical and chemical modification approaches can be effectively used to enhance the solubility and dissolution rate of poorly soluble drugs, but the additional problem of poor permeability has been better addressed by lipid-based drug delivery systems. As the latter presents the drug in the solubilized state, bypass first-pass effects, circumvent the effect of Para-glycoprotein mediated efflux of drugs, hence contributing to overall bioavailability enhancement.

Keywords: Hydrophobic drugs, solubility, permeability, dissolution, BCS, Nano lipid- carriers.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 20 November, 2020
Page: [255 - 277]
Pages: 23
DOI: 10.2174/2210303110999200712185109
Price: $25

Article Metrics

PDF: 24