Zeonex-based Tetra-rectangular Core-photonic Crystal Fiber for NaCl Detection

Author(s): Abdullah A-M. Bulbul, Mohammad B. Hossain, Rahul Dutta, Mahadi Hassan

Journal Name: Nanoscience & Nanotechnology-Asia

Volume 11 , Issue 4 , 2021

Article ID: e270421183571
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Introduction: This paper demonstrates the design of a sensor model for the detection of Sodium Chloride (NaCl) in an effective and efficient manner. Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF) has been used to design this sensor model.

Objective: Using Comsol Multiphysics software, the sensor model has been implemented and simulated to carry out an in-depth analysis of the sensing performance of the proposed model.

Methods: The confinement loss, effective material loss, effective area, birefringence, and relative sensitivity were analyzed to estimate the sensing efficiency of this model. The sensor performance has been analyzed for five different concentrations of NaCl.

Results: From the analysis, it is found that for all the analytes, confinement loss maintains a moderate value for the frequency band ranging from 0.9 to 1.2 THz. However, it approaches absolute zero immediately after 1.2 THz. The sensor model results in a high effective area, which is highly desirable for every PCF. It shows 3.78 × 105, 3.77 × 105, 3.76 × 105, 3.75 × 105, and 3.743 × 105 μm2 effective areas for 0%, 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% NaCl, respectively, at 1.4 THz. The effective material loss for this model is about 3.7×10-3, 3.63×10-3, 3.68×10-3, 3.672×10-3 and 3.652×10-3 cm-1 for 80%, 60%, 40%, 20% and 0% NaCl, respectively, at 1.4 THz. Birefringence is also high for the proposed model. The values of birefringence are approximately 0.002, 0.0018, 0.0017, 0.0016 and 0.0015 at 1.4 THz for 0%, 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% NaCl, respectively. In addition to the above positive outcomes, the sensor model exhibits high sensitivity for both x and y polarization. The peak sensitivity of this sensor is 91.5%, 91.42%, 91.34%, 91.25% and 91.10% in x polarization direction whereas the peak sensitivity is 91.70%, 91.60%, 91.49%, 91.40% and 91.25% in y polarization direction for 80%, 60%, 40%, 20% and 0% NaCl, respectively, at 1.8 THz. The value of sensitivity is above 90% at 1.4 THz for all the five concentrations of NaCl.

Conclusion: The analyzed optical properties signify the higher efficiency and effectiveness of the sensor model in the detection of NaCl.

Keywords: Birefringence, confinement loss, effective aperture, EML, NaCl detection, sensitivity.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Article ID: e270421183571
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2210681210999200708141725
Price: $95

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