Modulation of MicroRNAs by Euphorbia Microsciadia Boiss in MDA-MB-231 Cell Line: New Possibilities in Breast Cancer Therapy

Author(s): Mohammad-Reza Mahmoudian-Sani, Majid Asadi-Samani*

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery

Volume 15 , Issue 2 , 2020

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Background: A large number of Euphorbia species have been evaluated for anticancer effects; however, their anticancer mechanisms have not been established up to now.

Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of Euphorbia microsciadia (E. microsciadia) Boiss on the modulation of micro (mi) RNAs in MDA-MB-231 cell line.

Methods: As the first step, the inhibitory concentration of hydroalcoholic extract of E. microsciadia on MDA-MB-231 cells was examined using the MTT assay, bypassing 24 and 48h from seeding. The real-time quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was also utilized to determine Let-7, miR-15, miR-16, miR-29, miR-151, miR-155, miR-21, miR-146b, miR-181b, miR-221, miR-222, miR-21, and miR-146b expressions in MDA-MB-231 cells, by passing 24 and 48h from treating with the extract of E. microsciadia.

Results: The results reveal the cytotoxic effects of E. microsciadia on MDA-MB-231 cell line in a dose-dependent manner. The half maximal Inhibitory Concentrations (IC50) were also equal to 275 and 240μg/ml for E. microsciadia, by passing 24 and 48h from the treatment, respectively. Furthermore, it was confirmed that, E. microsciadia had augmented the expression levels of Let-7, miR-15, miR-16, miR-29, and miR-34a, which lead to an increase in apoptosis.

Conclusion: E. microsciadia could modulate some miRNAs involved in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cell line. Accordingly, targeting miRNAs by E. microsciadia can open some newer avenues for breast cancer therapy.

Keywords: Apoptosis, breast cancer, cell cycle, euphorbia, microRNA, miR-34a, tumor suppressor.

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Year: 2020
Published on: 29 June, 2020
Page: [174 - 184]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1574892815666200630102944
Price: $65

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