Prenatal Pregabalin Exposure Alters Postnatal Pain Sensitivity and Some Behavioral Responses in Adult Offspring Rats

Author(s): Manzumeh-Shamsi Meymandi, Gholamreza Sepehri*, Amirhossein Moslemizadeh, Seyyed Sajjad Vakili Shahrbabaki

Journal Name: Current Drug Safety

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: Prenatal antiepileptic drug exposure could demonstrate both congenital malformations and behavioral impairments in offspring.

Objective: This study was performed to assess the effects of prenatal exposure to pregabalin (PGB) on pain response, anxiety, motor activity and some behavior of adult offspring rats.

Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats received PGB (7.5, 15 and 30 mg/kg/ip) during embryonic days 9.5- 15.5. The pain response, anxiety-like behaviors, locomotor activity, motor balance and coordination and anhedonia of adult offspring were examined by tail-flick and hot plate test, open field test, elevated plus maze (EPM), beam balance test and sucrose preference test in their 60th day of life, respectively.

Results: Prenatal exposure to PGB revealed significant dose-dependent reduction in pain sensitivity (increase in pain latency response) in the hot plate test, especially in females, while anxiety-like behavior assessed in EPM and open field significantly reduced in males. In the open field, locomotor activity reduced significantly after exposure to PGB 30 mg/kg and motor coordination decreased dose-dependently, especially in males. Anhedonia, as an indication of sucrose preference or pleasure response, was not changed.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that prenatal PGB exposure could be associated with significant changes in pain response, anxiety, locomotor activity and coordination in adult offspring rats.

Keywords: Maternal exposure, pregabalin, behavior, pain, locomotor activity, rat.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Published on: 17 November, 2020
Page: [205 - 214]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1574886315666200628114257
Price: $65

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