Pharmaceuticals are beneficial to humankind and emerged as crucial arms to treat/manage
multiple disease pathogenesis in the present era. In analogous, these medicines/ medical devices
should be used cautiously as they possess a potential threat to induce multiple undesired effects that
may be related to human health or the environment. Daunting effects may arise due to the improper
disposal of unused/expired medicines. Hence, to minimize such harm, there should be adequate
knowledge and practice among the population regarding the safe disposal of unused/expired medicines
or related pharmaceutical devices. The lack of approved information regarding safe disposal
of such substances may invite serious concerns like environmental pollution, which may induce
immediate health hazards to the present population and upcoming future generations. There are numerous
ways to dispose of, or manage the unused and expired pharmaceutical substances. Sharing
the medicines among siblings, friends, and family members are never free from serious health risks.
Storing the unused and expired medicines in the home increases the risk of intentional or accidental
ingestion of such substances and may create a health emergency. Disposing medicines like household
and municipal waste may lead to environmental pollution and harm to humans and animals.
The present review finds the multiple unsafe ways of disposal of unutilized medications/tools. Furthermore,
it also summarizes the disposal pattern of unutilized medications among the few developed
and undeveloped nations.