Background: Gliclazide assimilation rate from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is slow and inconstant which
may be either due to poor dissolution or poor permeability of the drug across the GI membrane.
Objective: The present investigation deals with the formulation of floating-mucoadhesive tablets of gliclazide for oral
administration using central composite design by direct compression technique using HPMC K4M and Carbopol 934
as release controlling polymers and sodium bicarbonate as effervescent agent.
Methods: Central composite design was employed to quantify the effect of three factors-concentration of HPMC K4M
(X1), concentration of Carbopol 934 (X2) and concentration of sodium bicarbonate (X3) on floating lag time, drug
release and mucoadhesive time of the formulation.
Results: The results revealed that floating lag time decreases with rise in concentration of sodium bicarbonate, drug
release was highest at low levels of HPMC and Carbopol and mucoadhesive time was highest at high level of Carbopol.
Conclusion: The optimized batch (F-7) shows mucoadhesive time of 23 minutes 27 seconds, floating lag time of 22
seconds and in vitro cumulative percentage of drug release 86.73 % in 10h. From the investigation, it can be summarized
that the gastro-retentive drug delivery can be utilized to enhance bioavailability and gastric residence time of drugs.