Background: Thiazolopyrimidine analogues are versatile synthetic scaffold possessing wide
spectrum of biological interests involving potential anticancer activity.
Objective: To report the synthesis of novel bromothiazolopyrimidine derivatives and the study of both
molecular modeling and in-vitro anticancer activity.
Methods: Novel bromothiazolopyrimidine derivatives 5-18 have been prepared from 2-bromo-3-(4-
chlorophenyl)-1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)-propenone 3 as a key starting compound. The anti-cancer activities
of the new compounds were evaluated against HepG2, MCF-7, A549 and HCT116 cell lines.
Results: The compounds 16, 17 and 18 showed cytotoxic and growth inhibitory activities on both
colon and lung cells. The cytotoxic activities of the novel synthetic compounds 8, 9, 11, 16, 17 and 18
were due to CDC25 phosphatases inhibition as shown by the enzymatic binding assay. Although compounds
8, 9 and 11 have only demonstrated CDC25B phosphatases inhibition.
Conclusion: The novel bromothiazolopyrimidine derivatives showed promising in vitro anticancer
activities against colon cancer HCT116 and lung cancer A549 cell lines comparable to the anticancer