Encapsulation of Imatinib in Targeted KIT-5 Nanoparticles for Reducing its Cardiotoxicity and Hepatotoxicity

Author(s): Jaleh Varshosaz*, Saeedeh Fardshouraki, Mina Mirian, Leila Safaeian, Setareh Jandaghian, Somayeh Taymouri

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 20 , Issue 16 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Using imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor drug used in lymphoblastic leukemia, has always had limitations due to its cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity side effects. The objective of this study is to develop a target-oriented drug carrier to minimize these adverse effects by the controlled release of the drug.

Methods: KIT-5 nanoparticles were functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane and conjugated to rituximab as the targeting agent for the CD20 positive receptors of the B-cells. Then they were loaded with imatinib and their physical properties were characterized. The cell cytotoxicity of the nanoparticles was studied by MTT assay in Ramos (CD20 positive) and Jurkat cell lines (CD20 negative) and their cellular uptake was shown by fluorescence microscope. Wistar rats received an intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg of the free drug or targeted nanoparticles for 21 days. Then the level of aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured in serum of animals. The cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity of the drug were also studied by hematoxylin and eosin staining of the tissues.

Results: The targeted nanoparticles of imatinib showed to be more cytotoxic to Ramos cells rather than Jurkat cells. The results of the biochemical analysis displayed a significant reduction in AST, ALT, ALP, and LDH levels in animals treated with targeted nanoparticles, compared to the free drug group. By comparison with the free imatinib, histopathological results represented less cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity in the animals, which received the drug through the current designed delivery system.

Conclusion: The obtained results confirmed that the rituximab targeted KIT-5 nanoparticles are promising in the controlled release of imatinib and could decrease its cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity side effects.

Keywords: Imatinib, rituximab, KIT-5, cardiotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, lymphoblastic leukemia.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 16
Year: 2020
Page: [1966 - 1980]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1871520620666200619174323
Price: $95

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