In Silico ADMET and Docking Studies of Thiazolidinedione-acetic-acid Hybrids as Antidiabetics with Cardioprotection

Author(s): Deepanwita Maji, Subir Samanta, Vaishali M. Patil*

Journal Name: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

Volume 17 , Issue 12 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Type-2-diabetes mellitus is associated with many side effects affecting vital body organs, especially heart. Thiazolidinediones are potent antidiabetics. Studies have proven that amino-acids and peptides promote glucose transport, have antioxidant properties, and fewer side effects, thus we designed hybrids by combining amino-acid esters and peptide esters with 2, 4 thiazolidinedione acetic acid moiety which can act as antidiabetic agent with cardioprotection properties.

Methodology: In vitro ADME, toxicity, and docking studies were performed using Qikprop3.1.OSIRIS, PROTOX (Prediction of Rodent Oral Toxicity), and FlexX 2.1.3, respectively.

Results: All the designed molecules belong to three sub-series, i.e. 2, 4-dioxothiazolidine-5-acetic acid single amino acid hybrid methyl esters, 2, 4-dioxothiazolidine-5-acetic acid dipeptide hybrid methyl esters and 2, 4-dioxothiazolidine-5-acetic acid tripeptide hybrid methyl esters. All molecules were non-toxic. SSMA2, SSMA14, SSMA49, and SSDM50 showed good docking scores in 2PRG and 2UV4, respectively.

Conclusion: The selected in silico studies helped to design hybrids with less toxicity, target specificity with dual activity as potential anti-diabetic and cardioprotective agents.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, cardioprotection, toxicity studies, ADME, OSIRIS, ProTox, docking, flexX.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2020
Published on: 19 November, 2020
Page: [1475 - 1484]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1570180817999200618103328
Price: $65

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