Heterologous Expression and Application of Multicopper Oxidases from Enterococcus spp. for Degradation of Biogenic Amines

Author(s): Binbin Li, Yuan Wang, Linlin Xue, Shiling Lu*

Journal Name: Protein & Peptide Letters

Volume 28 , Issue 2 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Biogenic amines are harmful to human health at a certain extent. As a kind of biogenic amine oxidase, multicopper oxidase can be used to degrade them. Currently, the literature about enzyme from Enterococcus spp. are limited, and recombinant multicopper oxidase might be an effective way to degrade biogenic amines.

Objective: (i) Select and identify strains that can degrade biogenic amines, (ii) overexpress enzyme from Enterococcus spp., (iii) measure gene expression and probe amine-degradation differences among strains (native, E. coli DH5α, and L. delbruckii), and (iv) examine the biochemical properties of recombinant multicopper oxidase, (v) apply the recombinant enzyme into smoked horsemeat sausage.

Methods: Reverse transcription PCR and high-performance liquid chromatography were performed to examine gene expression and amine degradation rate.

Results: The results demonstrated that target enzymes were successfully overexpressed, accompanied by increased amine-degrading activity (P <0.05). Gene from E. faecalis M5B was expressed in L. delbrueckii resulted in degradation rates for phenylethylamine, putrescine, histamine and tyramine of 54%, 52%, 70% and 40%, respectively, significantly higher than achieved by other recombinant strains.

Conclusion: In this work, gene expression levels were higher in recombinant M5B than recombinant M2B, regardless of host. E. coli is more stable to express multicopper oxidase. Besides, the amine-degrading ability was markedly increased in the two recombinant strains. After prolonged incubation, the recombinant enzyme could degrade three amines, and it displayed high alkali resistance and thermostability.

Keywords: Biogenic amine, recombinant enzyme, Enterococcus spp., multicopper oxidase, amine degradation, recombinant strains.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 28
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2021
Published on: 21 March, 2021
Page: [183 - 194]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/0929866527666200616160859
Price: $65

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