Background: Graphdiyne has a unique pi-conjugated structure, perfect pore distribution and
adjustable electronic properties of sp2, sp hybrid planar framework. Due to the presence of acetylenic
bonds, it has more excellent properties compared to grapheme, such as a unique structure-dependent
Dirac cone, abundant carbon bonds and a large bandgap. As one of the important raw materials for
nanodevices, it is extremely important to study the thermal properties of graphdiyne nanoribbon.
Objective: This paper mainly introduces and discusses recent academic research and patents on the
preparation methods and thermal conductivity of graphdiyne nanoribbons. Besides, the applications in
engineering and vacancy defects in the preparation process of graphdiyne are described.
Methods: Firstly, taking thermal conductivity as an index, the thermal conductivity of graphdiyne with
various vacancy defects is discussed from the aspects of length, defect location and defect type. In addition,
the graphdiyne nanoribbons were laterally compared with the thermal conductivity of the graphene
Results: The thermal conductivity of graphdiyne with defects increases with the length and width,
which is lower than the intrinsic graphdiyne. The thermal conductivity of the acetylene chain lacking
one carbon atom is higher than the one lacking the benzene ring. Typically, the thermal conductivity is
larger in armchair than that of zigzag in the same size. Moreover the thermal conductivity of nanoribbons
with double vacancy defects is lower than those nanoribbons with single vacancy defects,
which can also decrease with the increase of temperature and the number of acetylene chains. The
thermal conductivity is not sensitive to shear strain.
Conclusion: Due to the unique structure and electronic characteristics, graphdiyne has provoked an extensive
research interest in the field of nanoscience. Graphdiyne is considered as one of the most promising
materials of next-generation electronic devices.