Thrombopoietin Receptor Agonists in Children with Immune Thrombocytopenia: A New Therapeutic Era

Author(s): Giuseppe Lassandro, Valentina Palladino, Giovanni C.D. Vecchio, Viviana V. Palmieri, Paola C. Corallo, Maria F. Faienza, Paola Giordano*

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders

Volume 21 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background and objective: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common bleeding disorder in childhood. The management of ITP in children is controversial, requiring personalized assessment of patients and therapeutic choices. Thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs), eltrombopag and romiplostim, have been shown to be safe and effective for the treatment of pediatric ITP. The aim of our research is to define the role of thrombopoietin receptor agonists in the management of pediatric ITP.

Methods: This review focuses on the use of TPO-RAs in pediatric ITP, in randomized trials and in clinical routine, highlighting their key role in the management of the disease.

Results: Eltrombopag and romiplostim appear effective treatment options for children with ITP. Several clinical studies have assessed that the use of TPO-RAs increases platelet count, decreases bleeding symptoms and improves health-related quality of life. Moreover, TPO-RAs are well tolerated with minor side effects.

Conclusion: Although long term efficacy and safety of TPO-RAs still require further investigations, their use is gradually expanding in the clinical practice of children with ITP.

Keywords: Eltrombopag, children, immune thrombocytopenia, thrombopoietin receptor agonists, romiplostim, platelets.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 31 May, 2020
Page: [397 - 406]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1871530320666200531142244
Price: $65

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