Background: Seeds of Mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek) have been recognized
as a 'Green pearl' of Asian cuisine due to abundance of dietary fibres, protein, minerals,vitamins
and wide variety of bioactive agents.
Methods: Literature has been collected through SciFinder, Web of Science, Google Scholar,
Pubmed, and a library. This review shares updated information on the botany, distribution, health
benefits, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Mung bean seeds.
Results: Bioactive components of mung bean seeds exhibited a wide array of activities such as anticancer,
antihyperlipidemic, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, anti-microbial, antioxidant, treatment of
alcoholism, reducing obesity, increasing muscular strength, rheumatism, piles, liver and neurological
diseases. This curative potential highlighted its various beneficial outcomes in the field of drug
research and increasing scientific interest in the identification of bioactive compounds responsible
for various pharmacological activities. This legume is gaining importance for its use in the pharmaceutical,
food and cosmetic products.
Conclusion: Existing literature authenticates the potential benefits of mung bean seeds from nutritional
as well as medicinal perspective. This food grain needs to be explored for identification, isolation,
and characterization of bioactive compounds against varied ailments.