Role of P-gp and HDAC2 and their Reciprocal Relationship in Uncontrolled Asthma

Author(s): Ravi Mishra, Rachna Chaturvedi, Zia Hashim*, Alok Nath, Ajmal Khan, Mansi Gupta, Harshit Singh, Vikas Agarwal

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 22 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Introduction: Resistance to corticosteroid is an essential mechanism in uncontrolled asthma as the corticosteroid is the mainstay of therapy. There are recent reports that epigenetic factors play a crucial role in the regulation of steroid action. Overexpression of P glycoprotein (P-gp) and reduced expression of Histone Deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) have been linked to regulating the steroid action in other diseases like Nephrotic Syndrome (NS). However, their role in uncontrolled asthma is still not clear and warrants further investigation. We evaluated the expression and activity of P-gp and HDAC2 in patients with Controlled Asthma (CA) and Uncontrolled Asthma (UA).

Methods: A total of 60 CA (mean age 51.72±17.02 years, male=38), and 38 of UA (mean age=53.55±11.90 years, male=17) were recruited. The level of control was defined according to (Global Initiative for Asthma) GINA 2016 criteria. The mRNA expression of HDAC2 and P-gp was studied by quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), the functional activity of P-gp was evaluated by a commercially available kit via flow cytometry, and HDAC2 enzymatic activity was measured by commercially available kit by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).

Results: P-gp expression and the functionality were significantly higher in the UA group of patients as compared to the CA group of patients (p<0.005), moreover HDAC2 expression was significantly reduced in UA patients as compared to CA patients, (p<0.005). The enzymatic activity of HDAC2 was also significantly reduced in UA patients as compared to CA patients (p<0.005).

Conclusion: P-gp overexpression and HDAC2 under expression play an essential role in uncontrolled asthma by impairing the response to corticosteroid.

Keywords: Asthma, nephrotic syndrome, enzymatic activity, glucocorticoid receptor-α, multi-drug-resistant, corticosteroid.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 28 May, 2020
Page: [408 - 413]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1389201021666200529104042
Price: $65

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