The Anterior-posterior Functional Connectivity Disconnection in the Elderly with Subjective Memory Impairment and Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment

Author(s): Wuhai Tao, Jinping Sun, Xin Li, Wen Shao, Jing Pei, Caishui Yang, Wenxiao Wang, Kai Xu, Jun Wang*, Zhanjun Zhang*

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 17 , Issue 4 , 2020

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Background: Subjective Memory Impairment (SMI) may tremendously increase the risk of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). The full understanding of the neuromechanism of SMI will shed light on the early intervention of AD.

Methods: In the current study, 23 Healthy Controls (HC), 22 SMI subjects and 24 amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) subjects underwent the comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scan. The difference in the connectivity of the Default Mode Network (DMN) and Functional Connectivity (FC) from the Region of Interest (ROI) to the whole brain were compared, respectively.

Results: The results showed that HC and SMI subjects had significantly higher connectivity in the region of the precuneus area compared to aMCI subjects. However, from this region to the whole brain, SMI and aMCI subjects had significant FC decrease in the right anterior cingulum, left superior frontal and left medial superior frontal gyrus compared to HC. In addition, this FC change was significantly correlated with the cognitive function decline in participants.

Conclusion: Our study indicated that SMI subjects had relatively intact DMN connectivity but impaired FC between the anterior and posterior brain. The findings suggest that long-distance FC is more vulnerable than the short ones in the people with SMI.

Keywords: Subjective memory impairment , functional connectivity , default mode network , amnestic mild cognitive impairment , cognitive decline , aging.

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Article Details

Year: 2020
Page: [373 - 381]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1567205017666200525015017
Price: $65

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