Effect of Proton-Pump Inhibitors on Glucose and Insulin Metabolism on Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Author(s): Adriana Sánchez-García, Mario Simental-Mendía, Luis E. Simental-Mendía*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 26 , Issue 32 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: Some studies have revealed an improvement in glucose metabolism after proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) therapy; however, this evidence is inconclusive and limited.

Objective: The study aimed to examine the effect of PPI on glucose and insulin metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes through a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: Only randomized controlled trials evaluating the impact of PPI on glucose or insulin concentrations in type 2 diabetes were searched in PubMed-Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. A meta-analysis was conducted using a random-effects model and generic inverse variance method. Sensitivity analysis was performed using the leave-one-out method.

Results: Meta-analysis revealed no significant effect of PPI intervention on fasting glucose (mean difference [MD] -11.42 [95% CI, -29.68 to 6.83], I2 = 80%, p = 0.22), fasting insulin (MD 1.51 [95% CI, -0.36 to 3.37], I2 = 32%, p = 0.11), HOMA-IR (MD -0.16 [-0.98 to 0.65], I2 = 0%, p = 0.70), HOMA-β (MD 19.97 [-21.59 to 61.52], I2 = 71%, p = 0.35), and HbA1c concentrations (MD -0.34 [-0.99 to 0.31], I2 = 89%, p = 0.30).

Conclusion: The treatment with PPI, in the short term, had no significant effects on glucose and insulin metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Proton-pump inhibitors, glucose, insulin, type 2 diabetes, therapy, generic.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 26
ISSUE: 32
Year: 2020
Published on: 23 September, 2020
Page: [4007 - 4013]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200523170718
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