Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Antibody Limits the Vascular Leakage and Decreases Subretinal Fibrosis in a Cynomolgus Monkey Choroidal Neovascularization Model

Author(s): Satoshi Inagaki, Masamitsu Shimazawa*, Koji Hamaguchi, Wataru Otsu, Tomoaki Araki, Yuji Sasaki, Yosuke Numata, Hideshi Tsusaki, Hideaki Hara

Journal Name: Current Neurovascular Research

Volume 17 , Issue 4 , 2020


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Abstract:

Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody (bevacizumab) on vascular leakage and fibrosis in a monkey choroidal neovascularization (CNV) model. The relationship between fibrotic tissue and subretinal hyper-reflective material (SHRM), in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, was also investigated.

Methods: Experimental CNV was induced in male cynomolgus monkeys by laser photocoagulation. Intravitreal injection of bevacizumab at 0.5 mg/eye/dosing was initiated 2 weeks before or after laser irradiation and thereafter, conducted intermittently at 2- or 3-week intervals. Fluorescein fundus angiography (FA) and OCT imaging were conducted weekly from 2 to 7 weeks after laser irradiation. CNV leakage was evaluated by an established grading method using FA images. To assess the fibrosis and scarring, Masson’s trichrome specimens of each CNV lesion were prepared, and morphometric analysis was conducted using an image analysis software.

Results: The effects of bevacizumab on vascular leakage were shown using an established evaluation method. Morphometric analysis of Masson’s trichrome-stained (MT) specimens revealed that collagen fiber synthesis was suppressed by bevacizumab pre-treatment (-29.2%) or post-treatment (-19.2%). SHRM was detected in OCT images in a monkey CNV model, and a significant correlation between the SHRM area in the OCT images and the collagen fiber area in the MT specimens was noted.

Conclusion: In the established cynomolgus monkey CNV model, bevacizumab prevented blood leakage but could not completely suppress fibrosis. SHRM in the OCT images reflected retinal fibrous tissue in a laser-induced CNV monkey model. This model might be useful for elucidating the pathology and development therapy for neovascularization or fibrosis.

Keywords: Anti-VEGF therapy, choroidal neovascularization, cynomolgus monkey, fibrosis, Age-related macular degeneration, fibrotic scarring.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2020
Published on: 14 December, 2020
Page: [420 - 428]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1567202617666200523163636
Price: $65

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