Plant-Derived Butters as Lipid Nanocarriers: A Systematic and Prospective Review

Author(s): Angélica G. Coelho, Webysten R.P. dos Santos, Andressa A. dos Santos, Maisa G. da Silva, Francisco V. Macedo Cunha, Anderson N. Mendes, Daniel D.R. Arcanjo*

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Pharmaceutical nanotechnology represents an efficient alternative for the delivery of pharmacologically active plant-derived compounds, considering their protective capacity, oral bioavailability and drug vectorization capacity. In this context, butters obtained from plant seeds have emerged as promising products for the development of pharmacologically active nanostructures. They possess a complex lipid composition, allowing the formation of different emulsion systems with solid cores, since this mixture of different triglycerides is solid at room temperature and body temperature. Therefore, the systematic mapping around the technological development of nanostructures produced from plant-derived butters is potentially valuable for researchers interested in novel alternative formulations for pharmacological therapy, with potential industrial, economic, health and societal impacts.

Methods: Systematic review was carried out by the search of scientific papers and patents deposited in official databases concerning the development of nanostructured pharmaceutical products using plantderived butters as starting material. The publications obtained were subjected to sorting and analysis by applying the following inclusion/exclusion criteria.

Results: The Solid Lipid Nanoparticle (SLN) was the type of nanostructure produced in all the analyzed scientific papers, due to the physicochemical characteristics of the lipid constituents of plantderived butters. In this sense, 54% of the articles have reported the use of Cocoa Butter for the production of nanostructures; 28% for Shea Butter; 6% for Cupuacu Butter, 6% for Murumuru Butter and 6% for Bacuri Butter.

Discussion: In the technological prospection, only two patents exhibited SLN as an invention based on cocoa butter and on shea butter, respectively. The production methods employed have included: phase inversion temperature, microemulsion, hot high pressure homogenization, high shear homogenization and ultrasonication.

Conclusion: In light of this prospective review, the encouragement of novel studies in lipids-based nanotechnology is evident, considering the small number of findings so far, in order to stimulate new research involving plant-derived butters from easily cultivated fruits in tropical regions, then stimulating the pharmaceutical development of new therapeutic alternatives using biocompatible and sustainable raw materials.

Keywords: Biotechnology, nanoparticles, nanotechnology, plant-derived butter, scientific prospection, technological prospection.

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VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2020
Published on: 22 May, 2020
Page: [262 - 275]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1872210514666200522213144
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