Synthesis and Application of Zwitterionic Magnetic Molecularly Imprinted Polymer for Selective Removal of Fluoroquinolones from Aqueous Solution

Author(s): Huikai Shao, Samar Douh Cherif, Jincai Wang, Qiqin Wang*, Zhengjin Jiang*

Journal Name: Current Analytical Chemistry

Volume 17 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Although molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have now been widely utilized for the sample pre-treatment, chromatography separation and removal of pollutants, conventional MIPs still lack satisfactory compatibility with water, thus leading to poor molecular recognition for target analytes in aqueous solutions. The aim of the study was to prepare water-compatible MIPs.

Methods: The zwitterionic MMIPs were synthesized on vinyltrimethoxysilane-coated Fe3O4 (Fe3O4-VTMS) through a surface imprinting process by using levofloxacin (LEV) as a template, [2-(methacryloyloxy) ethyl] dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide (SPE) as a functional monomer, N, N-methylene-bis-acrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker and potassium persulfate as an initiator.

Results: The prepared zwitterionic LEV-MMIPs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometry, scanning electron microscopy and water contact angle test. The characterization results showed that zwitterionic LEV-MMIPs exhibited good magnetic responsiveness and super-hydrophilicity (the contact angle is 0°). The optimum pH for binding LEV was found to be 6.0 and the binding isotherm followed the Langmuir isotherm model of monolayer adsorption. The binding process was very fast and the pseudo-second-order model fitted well with the kinetic data. The adsorption capacity of these zwitterionic MMIPs was 54.30 mg g-1 with a selectivity factor of 1.6 compared to the magnetic non-imprinted polymers (MNIPs). Their feasibility for removing fluoroquinolones (FQs) from the environmental sample was demonstrated using pearl river water spiked with LEV, gatifloxacin, ciprofloxacin and lomefloxacin. The zwitterionic LEV-MMIPs could be reused at least five times with a removal efficiency of more than 80% for the selected FQs.

Conclusion: The prepared zwitterionic LEV-MMIP is a promising sorbent for rapid, selective and efficient removal of fluoroquinolones from aqueous medium.

Keywords: Aqueous solution, chromatography separation, fluoroquinolones, removal, surface imprinting, zwitterionic magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 17 May, 2020
Page: [408 - 417]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1573411016999200518084012
Price: $65

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