Background: The possible role of secondary metabolites in the management of diabetes is a
great concern and constant discussion. This characteristic seems relevant and should be the subject of
thorough discussion with respect to saponin.
Objective: The current data mainly focus on the impact of saponin in the treatment of type-II diabetes.
The majority of studies emphasize on other secondary metabolites such as alkaloids and flavonoids, but
very few papers are there representing the possible role of saponin as these papers express the narrow
perspective of saponin phytoconstituents but lacking in providing the complete information on various
saponin plants. The aim of the study was to summarize all available data concerning the saponin containing
plant in the management of type-II diabetes.
Methods: All relevant papers on saponin were selected. This review summarizes the saponin isolation
method, mechanism of action, clinical significance, medicinal plants and phytoconstituents responsible
for producing a therapeutic effect in the management of diabetes.
Results: The saponin is of high potential with structural diversity and inhibits diabetic complications
along with reducing the hyperglycemia through different mechanisms thereby providing scope for improving
the existing therapy and developing the novel medicinal agents for curing diabetes.
Conclusion: Saponins having potential therapeutic benefits and are theorized as an alternative medication
in decreasing serum blood glucose levels in the patient suffering from diabetes.
Keywords: Type-II diabetes, saponin, mechanism, clinical significance, medicinal plants, phytoconstituents.
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