Background: Identification of factors to detect and improve chemotherapy‐response in cancer is a main concern. microRNA-372-3p (miR-372-3p) has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in cellular proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis of various cancers including Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). However, its contribution towards Doxorubicin (Dox) chemosensitivity in
HCC has never been studied.
Objective: This study aims to investigate the potential role of miR-372-3p in enhancing Dox effects on HCC cell line (HepG2). Their
correlation has been additionally analyzed for HCC patients who received Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) with Dox treatment.
Methods: Different cell processes were elucidated by cell viability, colony formation, apoptosis and wound healing assays after miR372-3p transfection in HepG2 cells Furthermore, miR-372-3p level has been estimated in blood of primary HCC patients treated with
TACE/Dox by quantitative real-time PCR assay. Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis for serum miR-372-3p was constructed
for its prognostic significance. Finally, protein level of Mcl-1, the anti-apoptotic player, has been evaluated using western blot.
Results: We found a significant higher level of miR-372-3p in blood of responder group of HCC patients received TACE with Dox
than of non-responders. Ectopic expression of miR-372-3p reduced cell proliferation, migration and significantly induced apoptosis in
HepG2 cells which was coupled with decreased of anti-apoptotic protein Mcl-1.
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that miR-372-3p acts as tumor suppressor in HCC and can act as a predictor biomarker for drug
response. Furthermore, the data referred for the first time its potential role in drug sensitivity that might be a therapeutic target for