Inflammation is an acute adaptive response to injury. However, if the initial inflammatory
response to an injury is not completely healed, it becomes chronic low-level
inflammation that is strongly associated with many chronic disease states, including metabolic
(obesity and diabetes), cardiovascular, auto-immune, and neurogenerative disorders
as well as cancer. The healing process is far more complex than the initiation of inflammation.
Within that complexity of healing is a sequence of events that are under profound
dietary control and can be defined by specific blood markers. Those molecular
events of the healing process that are under significant dietary control are termed as the
Resolution Response. The purpose of this review is to describe the molecular components
of the Resolution Response and how different dietary factors can either optimize or inhibit
their actions. In particular, those dietary components that optimize the Resolution Response
include a calorie-restricted, protein-adequate, moderate-carbohydrate, low-fat diet
referred to as the Zone diet, omega-3 fatty acids, and polyphenols. The appropriate combination
of these dietary interventions constitutes the foundation of Pro-Resolution Nutrition.
The effect of these dietary components the actions of NF-κB, AMPK, eicosanoids,
and resolvins are described in this review, as well as ranges of appropriate blood markers
that indicate success in optimizing the Resolution Response by dietary interventions.
Keywords: Resolution Response, inflammation, Zone diet, omega-3 fatty acids, polyphenols, NF-κB,
AMPK, eicosanoids, resolvins
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