Background: The removal of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from the contaminated
water by employing photocatalytic adsorption is considered as one of the most emerging technologies
due to its’ cost- and energy-effectiveness. It has attracted significant attention of global researchers
to process the world’s wastewater.
Methods: Among different adsorbents, the metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have demonstrated
remarkable potential and a bright future perspective in the photocatalytic-based adsorptive removal
of POPs from wastewater. This review deals with the introduction of MOFs and contaminations in
wastewater, followed by the synthesis method for MOFs and their properties. The review is extended
to the review of mechanisms for the photocatalytic adsorption along with the recent progress in removal
of persistent toxic substances, pesticides, herbicides, phenols, and antibiotics. Furthermore,
the future challenges in this promising area are also discussed.
Results: Much research work has been done in the area of photocatalytic adsorptive removal of the
POPs using the MOFs due to their significant structural and texture properties. Substantial research
efforts have been carried out to functionalize the MOFs in order to improve their adsorption potential.
Overall, this review demonstrated that the MOFs could be applied successfully for the photocatalytic
adsorptive removal of the POPs from contaminated water.
Conclusion: Despite the bright future perspective of the MOFs, there are some issues that need to be
accounted for: The development of MOFs with redox-active metals and/or organic functionalized
ligands, MOFs application for the photocatalytic adsorptive removal of the gaseous contaminants, indepth
understanding of the mechanism of the photocatalytic adsorptive removal of the POPs, and the
application of the MOFs for photocatalytic adsorptive removal of the POPs in real environmental
conditions. The fast development of the MOFs in the recent era indicates a bright future perspective
in spite of the challenges in this area.