The Management of Hemorrhoidal Disease by Dearterialization and Mucopexy

Author(s): Veronica De Simone, Francesco Litta*, Angelo Parello, Paola Campennì, Raffaele Orefice, Angelo Alessandro Marra, Marta Goglia, Carlo Ratto

Journal Name: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Volume 16 , Issue 1 , 2021


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Several minimally invasive surgical procedures have been recently developed to treat hemorrhoids without any excision. About 25 years ago, a non-excisional procedure providing doppler- guided ligation of the hemorrhoidal arteries has been proposed - named “hemorrhoidal dearterialization”. The original technique has been modified over the years, and indications were expanded. In particular, a plication of the redundant and prolapsing mucosa/submucosa of the rectum (named “mucopexy”) has been introduced to treat hemorrhoidal prolapse, without excision of the hemorrhoidal piles. At present, the THD® Doppler procedure is one of the most used techniques to treat hemorrhoids. Aim of this technique is to realize a target dearterialization, using a Doppler probe with the final purpose to reduce the arterial overflow to the hemorrhoidal piles. In the case of associated hemorrhoidal prolapse, a mucopexy is performed together with Doppler-guided dearterialization. The entity and circumferential extension of the hemorrhoidal prolapse guide the mucopexy, which can be considered tailored to a single patient; the dearterialization should be considered mandatory. Advantages of this surgical technique are the absence of serious and life-threatening postoperative events, chronic complications, and limited recurrence risks. The impact of the procedure on the anorectal physiology is negligible. However, careful postoperative management is mandatory to avoid complications and to guarantee an improved long-term outcome. Therefore, regular physiologic bowel movements, excessive strain at the defecation and strong physical activity are advisable.

Keywords: Hemorrhoids, dearterialization, mucopexy, doppler, THD, surgery.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2021
Published on: 05 May, 2020
Page: [60 - 66]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1574887115666200506091306
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