IFN-γ and TNF-α Gene Polymorphisms in Multiple Sclerosis Patients in Northwest Iran

Author(s): Mohammad Asgharzadeh, Nima Najafi-Ghalehlou, Behroz M. Poor, Vahid Asgharzadeh, Mahya Pourostadi, Ali Vegari, Hossein S. Kafil, Manouchehr Fadaee, Mehdi Farhoudi, Jalil Rashedi*

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders

Volume 21 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Cytokines are polypeptides that play critical roles in immune responses. Gene polymorphisms occurring in the inflammatory cytokines are taking a role in autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS), which may induce inappropriate immune responses.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the allelic and genotypic frequencies of interferon gamma gene (IFN-γ) at +874A/T locus and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) at+308A/G locus in MS patients of Azeri population.

Methods: At first, a questionnaire was prepared for each of 240 healthy, non-relative, and 152 Azeri MS patients before obtaining the blood sample from all subjects. After DNA extraction, the frequency of alleles and genotypes of the IFN-γ and TNF-α genes at +874A/T and -308G/A loci, respectively, were determined by allele-specific PCR method. Finally, the frequencies were compared between control and MS patients by chi-square test (x2-test) and p<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: In the IFN-γ +874A/T gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), the most allelic and genotypic frequencies in MS patients were the A allele, 55.26% (p=0.04) and the AT genotype, 52.63% (p=0.048). In healthy individuals, it was 65.42% for the A allele and 45.42% for the AA genotype. For the TNF-α 308 G/A SNP, the highest allelic and genotypic frequencies in MS patients were the G allele with 55.92% (p<0.001) and AG genotype with 61.84%, and in healthy subjects, the allelic and genotypic frequencies were 84.2% and 70.8% for the G allele and GG genotype, respectively.

Conclusion: Head trauma, the infection with the herpes virus and Mycoplasma pneumonia, frequent colds and high consumption of canned foods provide grounds for MS. The T allele in the IFN-γ gene (+874) and the genotypes of AA and AG at the TNF-α gene (-308) at the position-308 were considered as potential risk factors for MS. Therefore, the polymorphisms in cytokine genes and following changes in their expression levels can be effective in susceptibility to MS.

Keywords: Single nucleotide polymorphism, interferon gamma, tumor necrosis factor, multiple sclerosis, azeri population, Iran.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 05 May, 2020
Page: [520 - 525]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1871530320666200505123443
Price: $65

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