Background: Porous Au nanomaterials show great potential in the fields of biomedicine,
drug delivery and catalysis for the merits of low density, large void space and large specific surface
area. The preparation of porous Au nanomaterials is usually carried out by using a hard-templating
method which is cumbersome.
Methods: Dandelion-like porous Au nanoparticles were synthesized through a soft-templating method
in our work. The synthesized porous Au nanoparticles were characterized via transmission electron
microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) and cyclic voltammetry
(CV). The reduction of nitrophenol was carried out to evaluate the catalytic behavior of porous Au
Results: Porous Au nanoparticles prepared were in uniform size (47.9±6.4 nm) and the morphology
could be regulated by adjusting the molar ratio of reactants. The apparent rate constant (kapp) value of
reducing nitrophenol catalyzed by porous Au nanoparticles was higher than Au nanospheres and
nanobranches in similar size. It could be attributed to the large amount of active sites and high
proportion of high-order crystal faces proved by CV and XRD.
Conclusion: We developed a facile and reproducible method for synthesizing porous Au nanoparticles.
The morphology of porous Au nanoparticles can be ajusted by changing the molar ratio of reactants.
Porous Au nanoparticles we prepared behaved better in catalysis compared with Au nanospheres and