Is It the Twilight of BACE1 Inhibitors?

Author(s): Martina Hrabinova, Jaroslav Pejchal*, Tomas Kucera, Daniel Jun, Monika Schmidt, Ondrej Soukup

Journal Name: Current Neuropharmacology

Volume 19 , Issue 1 , 2021


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

β-secretase (BACE1) has been regarded as a prime target for the development of amyloid beta (Aβ) lowering drugs in the therapy of Alzheimer´s disease (AD). Although the enzyme was discovered in 1991 and helped to formulate the Aβ hypothesis as one of the very important features of AD etiopathogenesis, progress in AD treatment utilizing BACE1 inhibitors has remained limited. Moreover, in the last years, major pharmaceutical companies have discontinued clinical trials of five BACE1 inhibitors that had been strongly perceived as prospective. In our review, the Aβ hypothesis, the enzyme, its functions, and selected substrates are described. BACE1 inhibitors are classified into four generations. Those that underwent clinical trials displayed adverse effects, including weight loss, skin rashes, worsening of neuropsychiatric symptoms, etc. Some inhibitors could not establish a statistically significant risk-benefit ratio, or even scored worse than placebo. We still believe that drugs targeting BACE1 may still hide some potential, but a different approach to BACE1 inhibition or a shift of focus to modulation of its trafficking and/or post-translational modification should now be followed.

Keywords: β-secretase, amyloid beta, Alzheimer’s disease, substrates, inhibitors, clinical trials.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2021
Published on: 02 May, 2020
Page: [61 - 77]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/1570159X18666200503023323
Price: $65

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