MicroRNA-520c-3p Modulates Doxorubicin-Chemosensitivity in HepG2 Cells

Author(s): Mohamed A. Ragheb, Marwa H. Soliman, Emad M. Elzayat, Mervat S. Mohamed, Nada El-Ekiaby, Ahmed I. Abdelaziz, Abdel-Hady A. Abdel-Wahab*

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 21 , Issue 2 , 2021

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Abstract:

Background: Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most common drugs used in cancer therapy, including Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). Drug resistance is one of chemotherapy’s significant problems. Emerging studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) could participate in regulating this mechanism. Nevertheless, the impact of miRNAs on HCC chemoresistance is still enigmatic.

Objective: Investigating the role of microRNA-520c-3p (miR-520c-3p) in the enhancement of the anti-tumor effect of DOX against HepG2 cells.

Methods: Expression profile for liver-related miRNAs (384 miRNAs) has been analyzed on HepG2 cells treated with DOX using qRT-PCR. miR-520c-3p, the most deregulated miRNA, was selected for combination treatment with DOX. The expression level for LEF1, CDK2, CDH1, VIM, Mcl-1 and p53 was evaluated in miR-520c-3p transfected cells. Cell viability, colony formation, wound healing as well as apoptosis assays have been demonstrated. Furthermore, Mcl-1 protein level was measured using the western blot technique.

Results: The present data indicated that miR-520c-3p overexpression could render HepG2 cells chemo-sensitive to DOX through enhancing its suppressive effects on proliferation, migration, and induction of apoptosis. The suppressive effect of miR-520c-3p involved altering the expression levels of some key regulators of cell cycle, proliferation, migration and apoptosis, including LEF1, CDK2, CDH1, VIM, Mcl-1 and p53. Interestingly, Mcl-1 was found to be one of the potential targets of miR-520c-3p, and its protein expression level was down-regulated upon miR-520c-3p overexpression.

Conclusion: Our data referred to the tumor suppressor function of miR-520c-3p that could modulate the chemosensitivity of HepG2 cells towards DOX treatment, providing a promising therapeutic strategy in HCC.

Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma, miR-520c-3p, doxorubicin, chemosensitivity, Mcl-1.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2021
Published on: 31 December, 2020
Page: [237 - 245]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1871520620666200502004817
Price: $65

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