Aim: To study the specific heat capacity for biologically and medicinally important
compounds, namely, lidocaine hydrochloride, clove oil and beta-Piperine using the
Background: One of the main problems in the science of medicine is the application of
drug molecules with limited solubility in water and in biofluids. Solubility is related to the
chemical potential of the solutes involved, which imparts free energy avenues, a necessary
requirement for equilibrium processes. The convincing solutions for solving this issue are
the utilization of ionic liquids as a drug. Lidocaine is the most widely utilized intraoral injected
dental anesthetic prior to performing painful medical procedures. Besides that, lidocaine
hydrochloride is a salt, having a melting point of 76°C (349 K) and behaves as an
ionic liquid after melting. Clove oil and β-piperine are very well-known naturally occurring
medicinal compounds having a broad spectrum of applications.
Objective: To study the thermal gravimetry analysis behaviour for lidocaine hydrochloride,
clove oil and β-piperine. To compute specific heat capacity at constant pressure, as a function
of temperature for the studied systems.
Methods: In the present communication, the studies of Thermal Gravimetry Analysis
(TGA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) for these compounds are described.
Results: The data of heat flow have been utilized to obtain specific heat capacity (Cp) values
for lidocaine hydrochloride, clove oil and β-piperine over a temperature range between
75°C (348 K) and 155°C (428 K) based upon the methodology we have developed.
Conclusion: LC•HCl behaves as an ionic liquid between 76 and 230°C (349 and 503 K).
Clove oil shows lower specific heat capacity values and is similar to other organic aromatic
compounds while piperine exhibits comparative high specific heat capacity values indicating
possibilities of intramolecular hydrogen bonding, which is generally not affected by