Biomedical Applications and Patents on Metallic Nanoparticles

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Geetanjali Singh, Pramod Kumar Sharma, Rishabha Malviya*.

Journal Name: Nanoscience & Nanotechnology-Asia

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Aim/Objective: The author writes the manuscript by reviewing the literatures related to the biomedical application of metallic nanoparticles. The term metal nanoparticles are used to describe the nanosized metals with the dimension within the size range of 1-100 nm.

Methods: The preparation of metallic nanoparticles and their application is an influential area for research. Among various physical and chemical methods (viz. chemical reduction, thermal decomposition, etc.) for synthesizing silver nanoparticles, biological methods have been suggested as possible eco-friendly alternatives. The synthesis of metallic nanoparticles is having many problems inclusive of solvent toxicity, the formation of hazardous byproducts and consumption of energy. So it is important to design eco-friendly benign procedures for the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles.

Results: From the literature survey, we concluded that metallic nanoparticles have applications in the treatment of different diseases. Metallic nanoparticles are having a great advantage in the detection of cancer, diagnosis, and therapy. And it can also have properties such as antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti-angiogenic.

Conclusion: In this review, recent upcoming advancement of biomedical application of nanotechnology and their future challenges has been discussed.

Keywords: Metallic nanoparticles, Cancer therapy, Gold nanoparticles, Silver nanoparticles, Antibacterial activity, Antimicrobial activity, Green synthesis, Gram-positive, Gramnegative.

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2210681210999200430005827
Price: $95