The Impact of Plant Bioactive Compounds on Aging and Fertility of Diverse Organisms: A Review

Author(s): Muhammad Akram Mohd Noordin, Mahanem Mat Noor, Wan Mohd Aizat*

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 20 , Issue 13 , 2020


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Abstract:

It is expected that in 2050, there will be more than 20% of senior citizens aged over 60 years worldwide. Such alarming statistics require immediate attention to improve the health of the aging population. Since aging is closely related to the loss of antioxidant defense mechanisms, this situation eventually leads to numerous health problems, including fertility reduction. Furthermore, plant extracts have been used in traditional medicine as potent antioxidant sources. Although many experiments had reported the impact of various bioactive compounds on aging or fertility, there is a lack of review papers that combine both subjects. In this review, we have collected and discussed various bioactive compounds from 26 different plant species known to affect both longevity and fertility. These compounds, including phenolics and terpenes, are mostly involved in the antioxidant defense mechanisms of diverse organisms such as rats, mites, fruit flies, roundworms, and even roosters. A human clinical trial should be considered in the future to measure the effects of these bioactive compounds on human health and longevity. Ultimately, these plant-derived compounds could be developed into health supplements or potential medical drugs to ensure a healthy aging population.

Keywords: Aging, bioactive compound, natural product, polyphenol, terpenes, fertility.

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VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 13
Year: 2020
Published on: 28 April, 2020
Page: [1287 - 1299]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1389557520666200429101942
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