Life Time Improvement of Hierarchically Structured SAPO-34 Nanocatalyst in MTO Reaction via Applying Clinoptilolite: Investigating of Composite Design via RSM

Author(s): Reza Yazdanpanah, Eshagh Moradiyan, Rouein Halladj*, Sima Askari

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 24 , Issue 4 , 2021


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Abstract:

Aim and Objective: The research focuses on recent progress in the production of light olefins. Hence, as the common catalyst of the reaction (SAPO-34) deactivates quickly because of coke formation, we reorganized the mechanism combining SAPO-34 with a natural zeolite in order to delay the deactivation time.

Materials and Methods: The synthesis of nanocomposite catalyst was conducted hydrothermally using experimental design. Firstly, Clinoptilolite was modified using nitric acid in order to achieve nano-scaled material. Then, the initial gel of the SAPO-34 was prepared using DEA, aluminum isopropoxide, phosphoric acid and TEOS as the organic template, sources of Aluminum, Phosphor, and Silicate, respectively. Finally, the modified zeolite was combined with SAPO-34's gel.

Results: 20 different catalysts due to D-Optimal design were synthesized and the nanocomposite with 50 weight percent of SAPO-34, 4 hours Crystallization and early Clinoptilolite precipitation showed the highest relative crystallinity, partly high BET surface area and hierarchical structure.

Conclusion: Different analyses illustrated the existence of both components. The most important property alteration of nanocomposite was the increment of pore mean diameters and reduction in pore volumes in comparison with free SAPO-34. Due to the low price of Clinoptilolite, the new catalyst renders the process as economical. Using this composite, according to the formation of multi-sized pores located hierarchically on the surface of the catalyst and increased surface area, significant amounts of Ethylene and Propylene, in comparison with free SAPO-34, were produced, as well as the deactivation time was improved.

Keywords: Methanol to olefins conversion, SAPO-34/clinoptilolite, hydrothermal, nanocomposite design, response surface methodology, D-optimal design.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 24
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2021
Published on: 31 March, 2021
Page: [534 - 545]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1386207323666200428093154
Price: $65

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